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1. A sign with the head ; a nod. Haste thee, nymph, and bring with thee uips, and cranks, and wanton wiles, ods, and becks, and wreathed smiles. Milton. 2. A nod of command. Neither the lusty kind shewed any roughness, nor the easier any idleness; but still like a wellobeyed master, whose beck is enough for discipline. Sidney. Then forthwith to him takes a chosen ban Of spirits, likest to himself in guile, To be at and, and at his beck appear. The menial fair, that round her wait, At Helen's beck prepare the room of state. Pope. To BEC Ko N. v. n. To make a sign without words. Alexander beckoned with the hand, and would have made his defence unto the people. Actr. When he had raised my thoughts by those transporting airs, he occioned to me, and, by the waving of his hand, directed me to approach. Addison. Sudden you mount, you beckon from the skies; Clouds interpose, w aves roar, and winds arise. *e. To Be'cko N. v. a. [from beck, or beacn, Sax. a sign.] To make a sign to. With her two crooked hands she signs did make, And beckon'd him. Fairy Queen. It beckon, you to go away with it, As if it some impartment did desire o you alone. Shakspeare. With this his distant friends he beckons near, Provokes their duty, and prevents their fear. Dryden. To Bec Li'p. v.a. [of be clyppan, Sax.] To embrace. Dict. To Beco'M E. v. m. pret. I became ; comp. pret. I have become. [from by and come.] 1. To enter into some state or condition, by a change from some other. The Lord God breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living soul. Genesis. And unto the Jews I became a Jew, that I might gain the Jews. I Corinth. A smaller pear, grafted upon a stock that begreth a greater pear, will become great, Bacon. My voice thou oft hast heard, and hast not fear'd, But still rejoic'd; how is it now become So dreadful to thee: So the least faults, if mix’d with fairest deed, Of future ill become the fatal seed. A 'rier. 2. To become of. To be the fate of ; to be the end of; to be the subsequent or final condition of. It is observable, that this word is never, or very seldom, used but with what, either indefinite or interrogative. What is then become of so huge a multitude, as would have overspread a great part of the continent 2 Raleigh. Perplex'd with thoughts what would become Of mé, and all mankind. Milton. The first hints of the circulation of the blood were taken fron, a common person's wondering *bat became of all the blood that issued out of the heart. Graunt. ... What will become of me then? for, when he is free, he will infallibly accuse me. I/ryden. bat became of this thoughtful busy creature, when removed from this world, has amazed the vulgar, and puzzled the wise. Rogers.
3. In the following passage, the phrase, *where is he become P is used for, what is &ecome of him *
1. Applicq to persons, to appear in a
manner suitable to something. * If I become not a cart as well as another man, a plague on my bringing up. Shai pear. ny would I be a queen? because my face Would wear the title with a better grace; If I became it not, yet it would be Part of your duty then to flatter me. Dryden. 2. Applied to things, to be suitable to the person; to befit ; to be congruous to the appearance, or character, or circumstances, in such a manner as to add grace; to be graceful. She to her sire made hunble reverence, And bowed low, that her light well became, And added grace unto her excellence. F. Queen. I would I had some flowers o' th' spring that might Recore your time of day; and your's, and your's, That wear upon your virgin branches yet Your mo"; growing. Shai peare. o Yet be sad, good brothers; For, to speak truth, is very well lecomes you. Shakspeare. Your dishonour Mangles true judgment, and hereaves the state Of that integrity which should become it. Shak. Wichelly was of my opinion, or rather I of his: for it i.o. me, so to speak of so excellent a poet. r Dryden. He utterly rejected their fables concerning their gods, as not becoming good men, much less those which were worshipped for gods. Stillings. BEco'M IN G. particop. adj. from become.] That pleases by an elegant propriety; graceful. It is sometimes used with the particle of ; but generally without any government of the following words. Of thee, kind boy, I ask no red and white, To make up my delight; No odd becoming graces, Black eyes, or little know not what, in faces. Su o lo,& Their discourses are such as belong to their ago, their calling, and their breeding: such as are becoming of them, and of them only. Dryden. Yet some becoming boldness I may use; I've well deserv'd, for will he now refuse. Dryd. Make their pupils repeat the action, that they may correct what is constrained in it, till it be perfected into an habitual and becoming easiness. J.or £2. BEco'M IN G. m. s. [from become.] Ornament. Not in use. Sir, forgive me, Since my becoming, kill me when they not Eye well to you. Souk peare. BEco'M IN G 1. Y. adv. [from becoming.] After a becoming or proper manner. BEco'M IN GN Ess. n. s. [from becoming. See To Bi.com E.] Decency; elegant congruity; propriety. * Nor is the majesty of the divine government greater in its extent, than the becomingness hei eof is in its in...oner and form. Gre:... BED. m. s. boo, Sax.] 1. Something made to sleen on, Lying not erect, but hollow, which is in the making of the 4, if : or with the legs gathered "Pwhich is in the posture of the body; is the more wholesome. Buson. Rigour now is "one to #23,
Those houses then were caves, or homely sheds, With twining oziers fenc'd, and moss their ords. Dryden. 4. Lodging ; the convenience of a place to sleep in. On my knees I beg, That you'll vouchsafe me raiment, led, and food, Shakspeare. 3. Marriage. George, the eldest son of this second bed, was, after the death of his father, by the singular care and affection of his mother, well brought up. Clarenden. 4. Bank of earth raised in a garden. Herbs will be tenderer and fairer, if you take them out of beds, when they are newly come up, and remove them into pots, with better earth. Bacon. 5. The channel of a river, or any hollow. So high as heav'd the tumid hills, so low Down sunk a hollow bottom, broad, and deep, Capacious ted of waters. }}. - #. great magazine for all kinds of treasure is supposed to be the bed of the Tiber. We may be sure, when the Romans lay under the apprehensions of seeing their city sacked by a barbarous enemy, that they would take care to bestow such of their riches that way, as could best bear the water. Adarson. 6. The place where any thing is generated, or reposited. See hoary Albula's infected tide O'er the warm bed of smoaking sulphur glide. Addison. 7. A layer; a stratum ; a body spread over anether. I see no reason, but the surface of the land should be as regular as that of the water, in the first production of it; and the strata, or beds within, lie as even. Bornet. 8. To bring to B. D. To deliver of a child. It is often used with the particle of; as, she was brought to bed of a dog ter. Ten months after Florimel happen'd to wed, And was brought in a laudable manner to }} rtor.
9. To make the Ben. To put the bed in
BED of a great Gun. That thick plank
Shak pears. Female it seems, That so hedeck'd, ornate, and gay, Comes this way. Miltoy.
With ornamental drops bedeck'd I stood, And writ my victory with my enemy's blood. Norrir. Now Ceres, in her prime, Smiles fertile, and with ruddiest freight led eit. Philips. BE'DEhouse. n.s. [from bebe, Sax. a prayer, and house..] A hospital or almshouse, where the poor people prayed for their founders and benefactors. BE DE'TTER. See BED DE R. To Bede'w.v.a. [from deo.] To moisten gently, as with the fall of dew. Bodew her pasture's grass with English blood. S/a1 ~peare. Let all the tears that should bed-ov my herse, Be drops of bahn to sanctify thy head. Shako. The countess received a letter from him, whereunto all the while she was writing her answer, she bedezved the paper with her tears. - Wotton. What slender youth,bedev'd withliquid odours, ourts thee on roses, in some pleasant cave Milton. Palm, from a silver box distill'd around, Shall all bed-w the roots, and scent the sacred ground. Dryden. He said: and falling tears his face bedev. Dryden.
2. A madman; a lunatick; an inhabitant of Bedlam. Let's follow the old earl, and get the bedlam To lead him where he would; his roguish madness
Allows itself to any thing. Shakosare,
B E D Be'd I.A.M. ad;. [from the noun..] Belonging to a madhouse; fit for a madhouse, , The country gives me proof and precedent Of bedlam, beggars, who with roaring voices . Strike in their numb’d and mortify'd bare arms Pins, wooden pricks. Shakspeare, BE'd LAM It E. m. s. [from bedlam.] An inhabitant of Bedlam ; a madman. If wild ambition in thy boson reign, Alas! thou boast'st thy sober sense in vain: , In these poor bedlamite, thyself survey, Thyselfless innocently madthan they.Fitzgerald. BE'L, M A K E R. m. s. s from bed and make.] A person in the universities, whose office it is to make the beds, and clean the chambers. I was deeply in love with my led nakr, upon which I was a usticated for ever. Spectator. BE/1, MATE m. s. [from bed and mate.] A bedfellow ; one that partakes of the same bed. Had I so good occasion to lie long As you, prince Paris, nought but heav'nly busi
BE'd post. n.s.. [from bed and post.] The
post at the corner of the bed, which supports the o I came the next day prepared, and placed her in a clear light, her head leaning to a bedpost, another standing behind, holding it steady. . . . Wiseman's Surgery. BE's PR Ess; R. n. . [from bed and press.] A heavy lazy fellow. This sanguine coward, this bedpresser, this horseback breaker, this huge hill of flesh. Shak. To BF1, R A ‘G G L E. v. a. [from be and dragos. To soil the clothes, by suffering them, in walking, to reach the dirt. Poor Petty is ownt, no more be seen Pedraggled in my walks so green, Souji. To BE Dr. E^N CH. v. a. [from be and drench.] To drench ; to soak ; to saturate with moisture. Far cfi from the mind of Boliugbroke It is, tech crimson tempest should bedrench The firsh green lap of fair king Richard's land. Shakspeare. BF'd R D. adj. [from bed and ride.] Confined to the bed by age or sickness. Norway, uncle of young Fontinbras, Who, impotent and ledrid, scarcely hears Of this his nephew's purpose. Shakspears. . lies he not bedrid P and again does nothing, But what he did being childish Shałopean. - Now, as a myriad Of ants durst th' emperor's lov’d snake invade; The crawling galleys, seagulls, finny chips, Might brave our Pinnaces, our bedrid ships. - Donne. Hanging old men, who were bed, id, because they would not discover where their money was. Clarenden. Infirm persons, when they come to be so weak as to be fixed to their beds, hold out many years; some have lain bedrid twenty years. A'ay. Be'n R it E. m. s. from bed and rite.] Th; privilege of the marriage bed.
whose vows are, that no bedrite shall be paid Till Hymen's torch be lighted. Shakspeare: To BEDR o'P. v. a. [from be and drop.] To besprinkle; to mark with spots or drops; to speckle. Not so thick swarm'd once the soil Bedro'd with blood of Gorgon. Milton, Our plenteous streams a various race supply; The silver eel, in shining volumes roll'd; The yellow carp, in scales bedrop'd with gold. Pope. BE’nst A FF. m. s. shed and staff.]. A wooden pin suck anciently on the sides of the bedstead, to hold the clothes from slipping on either side. Hostess, accommodate us with a *::::: - Ben jonson's Every Man in his Humour. Br'ost o Ao, n. 4. [from bed and stead.] The frame on which the bed is placed. Chimnies with scorn rejecting smoke; Stools, tables, chairs, and edito's broke. Swift. Br'ost R A w. m. s. [from bed and straw.] The straw laid under a bed to make it soft. Fleasbred principally of straw or mats, where there hath been a little moisture; or the chamber or bedstraw kept close, and not aired. Bacon. BEDs w E’R v F. R. m. s. [from led and soverve.] One that is false to the bed; one that ranges or swerves from one bed to another. She's a bed, crerver, even as bad as those That vulgars give the boldest titles to. Shakop. BE/DT IM E. n. 4. [from bed and time.] The hour of rest; sleeping time. What masks, what dances shall we have, To wear away this long age of three hours, Between our after-supper and hedtime * Shaks. After evening repasts, till bedtime, their thoughts will be best taken up in the easy grounds of religion. . . Milton. The scouring drunkard, if he does not fight Before his bedtime, takes no rest that night. Dryden, To BE du'N G. v. a. [from be and dung.] To cover or manure with dung. To BE DU’s T. v. a. [from be and dust.] To sprinkle with dust. BE'Dw A R D. adv. [from bed and ward.] Toward bed. In heart . As merrv as when our nuptial day was done, And tapers burnt to teoward. Shakotarz. To Below A's F. v.a. from he and dwarf.] To make little ; to hinder in growth ; to stunt. "I' is shrinking, not close weaving, that hath
thus In mind and body both bedwarfed us. Donne.
- So work the honey beef; Creatures that, by a ruling nature, teach The art of order to a peopled kingdom. Soakr, From the Moorish camp There has been heard a distant humming noise, Like bees disturb'd, and arming in their hives. Dryden. A company of poor insects, whereof some are bers, delighted with flowers, and their sweetness; others beetles, delighted with other viands. Locke. 2. An industrious and careful person. This signification is only used in familiar language. Bf E-EA 1 E.R. m. s. [from bee and eat..] A bird that feeds upon bees. BEE-F Low E. R. n.s.. [from bee and flower.] A species of foolstones. Miller. Be F-GARDEN. m. . [from bee and garden.] A place to set hives of bees in. A convenient and necessary place ought to be made choice of for your apiary, or bee-garden. Mortimer, Bf E-H 1 v E. m. s. [from hee and hive.] The case, or box, in which bees are kept. BEE-MASTER. n.s.. [from bee and master.] One that keeps bees. They that are bec-masters, and have not care enough of them, must not expect to reap any considerable advantage by them. Mortimer. BEECH. n. s. [bece, or boc, Saxon; fagus.j. A tree that bears mast. There is but one species of this tree at present known; except two varieties, with striped leaves. It will grow to a considerable stature, though the soil be stony and barren ; as also, upon the decłivities of mountains. The shade of this tree is very injurious to plants, but is believed to be very salubrious to human bodies. The timber is of great use to turners and joiners. The mast is very good to fatten swine and deer. Asilier. Black was the forest, thick with #eccl it stood. Dryden. Nor is that sprightly wildness in their notes, Which, clear and vigorous,warbles from the Örecă. Thornton. BE'ECH F N. adj. [bucone, Sax.] Consisting of the wood of the beech; belonging to the beech. With diligence he'll serve us when we dine, And in plain oceeken vessels fill our wine. Dryd. BEEF. m. s. boof, French.] 1. The flesh of black-cattle prepared for food. What say you to a piece of bef and mustard?
- - Shakspeare. The fit of roacted hoof falling on . will baste them. Swiss, 2. An ox, bull, or cow, considered as fit for food. In this sense it has the plural beeves ; the singular is seldom found. A pound of man's flesh Is not so estimable or profitable, As flesh of muttons, lococs, or goats. Sk-A-2. Alcinousslew twelvesheep, eight white-tooth'd swine, Two crook-haunch'd leaves. Céafroar. There was not any captain, but had credit for more victuals than we spent there; and yet they had of me fifty leeves among them. - Sir Water Raleigh. On hides of beeves before the palace gate, Sad spoils of luxury the suitors sate. Pope. B.E. H. F. a.s.. [from the substantive..] Consisting of the flesh of black-cattle. If you are employed in marketing, do not ac, cept of a treat of a boof stake, and a pot of ale, from the butcher. Swift. BEEF-EATER. m. s. [from beef and eat, because the commons is beef when on waiting. Mr. Steevens derives it thus: Beefeater may come from Beaufttier, one who attends at the sideboard, which was anciently placed in a boatoft. The
business of the Beef-eaters was, and per
haps is still, to attend the king at meals.] . A yeoman of the guard. B&F F-witt Ed. adj. [from beef and wit..] Dull ; stupid : heavy-headed. Bess-witted lord. Shakspeare. BE'E Mol. n. 3. This word I have found only in the example, and know nothing of the etymology, unless it be a corruption of hymodule, from by and moditlus, a note; that is, a note out of the regular order. here be intervenient in the rise of eight, in tones, two beenols, or half notes; so as, if you divide the tones equally, the eight is but seven whole and equal notes. Bacon. B.F. E.N. [beon, Saxon.] The participle preterit of To B.E. Enough that virtue filled the space between, Prov’d by the ends of being to have been. Pope. BEER. n. 4. [bir, Welsh. Liquor made of malt and hops. It is distinguished from ale, either by being older or smaller. Here's a pot of good double beer, neighbour;
drink. Shakspeare. Try clarifying with almonds in new $cer. Bacon.
BETTLE. m. s. [by rel, Saxon.] 1. An insect distinguished by having hard cases or sheaths, under which he folds his wings. . They are as chards, and he their feetle. Shaks. The poor beetle that we tread upon, In corporal suffrance finds a pang as great As when a giant dies. Shalo-are. Others corne sharp of sight, and too provident for that which concerned their own interest; but as blind as beetles in foreseeing this great and common danger. Knollo's History of the Turks. A gro: there was with hoary moss o'ergrown; The clasping ivics up the ruins creep, And there the bat and drowsy lectle sleep. Garth. ‘i’he butterflies and beetles are such numerous tribes, that I believe, in our own native country alone, the species of each kind may amount to one hundred and fifty, or more. Ray. 4. A heavy mallet, or wooden hammer, with which wedges are driven, and pavements rammed. if I do, fillip me with a three man beetle. Shakspeare. . . When, by the help of wedges and beetles, an imoge is cleft out of the trunk of some well
grown use; yet, after all the skiii of artificers to
BK EV Es. m. s. [the plural of beef.] Blackcattle ; oxen. One way, a band select from forage drives A herd of beeves, fair oxen, and fair kine, From a fat meadow ground. Milton. Others make good the paucity of their breed with the length and duration of their days; whereof there want not examples in animals uniparous, first, in bisulcous or cloven-hoofed, as camels; and beeves, whereof there is above a million annually slain in England. Brown. Beroes, at his touch, at once to jelly turn, And the huge boar is shrunk into an urn. Pope. To BK FA/L 1. v. 2. from fall. It befell, it hath Bosa//en.] 1. To happen to : used generally of ill. Let me know The worst that may loftill me in this case. Shak. Other doubt possesses me, lest harm Bofoil thee, sever'd from me. Milton. This yenerable person, who probably heard our Saviour's prophecy of the destruction of Jerusalem, drew his congregation out of these unparalleled calamities, which befell his countryInell. Addison. This disgrace has loftillen them, not because they deserved it, but because the people love new faces. Addison. 2. To happen to, as good or neutral. Bion asked an envious man, that was very sad, what harm had of illen unto him, or what good had 4 fille, unto another man? Bacon. No man can certainly conclude God's love or hatred to any person, from what by ills him in this world. ‘Tillotson. , 3. To happen ; to come to pass. But since th' affairs of men are still uncertain, Let's reason with the worst that mav befall. hakspeare. I have reveal’d This discord which oftll, and was in heav'n Among th' angelick pow'rs. - Milton. 4. It is used sometimes with to before the person to whom any thing happens: this is rare. Some great mischief hath losill's To that meek man. Paradore Lost. 5. To & sall of To become of ; to be the state or condition of: a phrase little used,