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A.D. PAGE

370. Martin in Gaul . .113

Causes of the rapid Progress of the Monastic Life . . 115

Obedience of the Monks . . . . . .116

Their Dress and Habitations . . . . . .119

Their Diet 120

Their Manual Labour 121

Their Eiches 123

Their Solitudo . .. . .124

Their Devotion and Visions ...... 125

The Coenobites and Anachorets , . . . .126

395—451. Simeon Stylites 127

Miracles and Worship of the Monks .. 128

Superstition of the'age . . . . . . .129

II. Conversion Op The Barbarians . . . .130

360, &c. Ulphilas, Apostle of the Goths 131

400, &c. The Goths, Vandals, Burgundians, &c. embrace Chris-

tianity . . . . . . . .133

Motives of their Faith . .. . . . . .134

Effects of their Conversion . . . . . .135

They are involved in the Arian Heresy . . . .137

General Toleration . . . . . . .138

Arian Persecution of the Vandals 138

429—477. Genserie . 138

477.Hunneric 139

484. Gundamund 139

496. Thrasimund 139

523. Hilderie 139

530. Gelimer 140

A General View of the Persecution in Africa . . . 140

Catholic Frauds 145

Miracles . . . . . . . .147

500—700. The Ruin of Arianism among the Barbarians . .149

577—584. Revolt and Martyrdom of Hennenegild in Spain . 150

586—589. Conversion of Recared and the Visigoths of Spain . 151

600, &c. Conversion of the Lombards of Italy. . . .153

612—712. Persecution of the Jews in Spain . . . .154

Conclusion . . . . . . . " .155

CH. XXXVIII.—REIGN AND CONVERSION OF OLOVIS.—HIS VICTORIES

OVER THE ALLEMANNI, BURGUNDIANS, AND VISIGOTHS. — ESTABLISH-

MENT OP THE FRENCH MONARCHY IN GAOL.—LAWS OF THE BARBA-

RIANS.— STATE OF THE ROMANS.—THE VISIGOTHS OF SPAIN.—CON-

QUEST OF BRITAIN BT THE SAXONS.

The Revolution of Gaul 156

476—485. Euric, King of the Visigoths 158

481—511. Clovis, King of the Franks 159

486. His Victory over Syagrius ...... 160

496. Defeat and Submission of the Allcmanni .... 163

CONTENTS. IX

A.D. PAOB

496. Conversion of Clovis .165

497, &c. Submission of the Armoricans and the Roman Troops . 163

499. The Burgundian War 170

500. Victory ot Clovis 171

532. Final Conquest of Burgundy bv the Franks . . .172

507. The Gothic War 174

Victory of Clovis . . . . . . . .176

508. Conquest of Aquitain by the Franks .... 177

510. Consulship of Clovis . . . . . .179

536. Final Establishment of the French Monarchy in Goul . 180

Political Controversy . . . . . . .182

Laws of the Barbarians . . . . . . .183

Pecuniary Fines for Homicide . . . . . 1S5

Judgments of God ....... 2b9

Judicial Combats . . . . . . . .190

Division of Land by the Barbarians .... 191

Domain and Benefices of the Merovingians . . . 193

Private ^usurpations . . . . . . .195

Personal Servitude . . . . . . .196

Example of Auvergne . . . . . . .198

Story of Attalus 200

Privileges of the Romans of Gaul ..... 203

Anarchy of the Franks 206

The Visigoths of Spain 20S

Legislative Assemblies of Spain ..... 209

Code of the Visigoths 211

Revolution of Britain . . . . . . .212

449. Descent of the Saxons ....... 213

455—582. Establishment of the Saxon Hcptireaj . . .214

State of the Britons 216

Their Resistance . . . . . . . .217

Their Flight 218

The fame of Arthur 221

Desolation of Britain ....... 223

Servitude of the Britons ...... 227

Manners of the Britons ....... 228

Obscure or Fabulous State of Britain .... 230

Fall of the Roman Empire in the West . . . .231

General Observation* on the Fall of the Roman Empire in the

W&t 232

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A.D ?AOB

Character and Histories of Proeopius .... 291

. Division of the Reign of Justinian ..... 292

Birth and Vices of the Empress Theodora . . . 293

Her Marriage with J ustinian ...... 296

Her Tyranny 297

Her Virtues 299

548. And Death 299

The Factions of the Circus 300

At Rome 301

They distract Constantinople and the East . . . 302

Justinian favours the Blues ...... 804

532. Sedition of Constantinople, surnamed A'ika . . . 305

The Distress of Justinian ...... 307

Firmness of Theodora ....... 808

The Sedition is Suppressed ...... 309

Agriculture and Manufactures of the Eastern Empire . . 310

The Use of Silk by the Romans 311

Importation from China by Land and Sea . . . 314

Introduction of Silk-worms into Greece .... 316

State of the Revenue ....... 819

Avarice and Profusion of Justinian 820

Pernicious Savings ....... 821

Remittances ........ 823

Taxes. 323

Monopolies ......... 823

Venality 323

Testaments ......... 324

The Ministers of Justinian ...... 325

John of Cappadocia ....... 326

Justinian's Edifices and Architects .... 328

Foundation of the Church of St. Sophia . . . .331

Description ......... 332

Marbles ......... 333

Riches ......... 334

Churches and Palaces ....... 335

Fortifications of Europe....... 387

Security of Asia after the Conquest of Isauria . . 340

Fortifications of the Empire, from the Euxine to the IVrsian

Frontier . 342

488. Death of Perozes, King of Persia 846

502—505. The Persian War 346

Fortifications of Dara ....... 847

The Caspian or Iberian Gates...... 348

The Schools of Athens 350

They are Suppressed by Justinian 353

Proclus 354

485—529. His Successors 354

The Last of the Philosophers 356

541. The Roman Consulship extinguished by Justinian . . 357
Xll CONTENTS.

A.D. PAGE

533. Justinian resolves to Invade Africa ..... 358

523—530. State of the Vandals. Hilderic . . . .360

530—534. Gelimer 360

Debates on the African War ...... 361

Character and Choice of Belisarius ..... 362

529—532. His Services in the Persian War . . . .364

533. Preparations for the African War ..... 366

Departure of the Fleet 368

Belisarius Lands on the Coast of Africa .... 370

Defeats the Vandals in a first Battle .... 371

Reduction of Carthage ....... 374

Final Defeat of Gelimer and the Vandals. . . . 377

534. Conquest of Africa by Belisarius ..... 380

Distress and Captivity of Gelimer ..... 382

Return and Triumph of Belisarius ..... 385

535. His sole Consulship ....... 386

End of Gelimer and the Vandals . . . . 387

Manners and Defeat of the Moors ..... 389

Neutrality of the Visigoths ...... 390

550—620. Conquests of the Romans in Spain .... 393

534. Belisarius Threatens the Ostrogoths of Italy . . . 394

522—534. Government and Death of Amalasontha, Queen of Italy 395

535. Her Exile and Death 397

Belisarius Invades and Subdues Sicily .... 398

634—536. Reign and Weakness of Theodatus, the Gothic King

of Italy 401

537. Belisarius Invades Italy, and Reduces Naples . . . 403

536—540. Vitiges, King of Italy 406

636. Belisarius Enters Rome ....... 407

637. Siege of Rome by the Goths 408

Valour of BelUarius . . . . . . .410

His Defence of Rome . . . . . . .411

Repulses a General Assault of the Goths .... 413

His Sallies 414

Distress of the City 416

Exile of Pope Sylverius 418

Deliverance of the City ....... 419

Belisarius recovers many Cities of Italy .... 420

638. The Goths raise the Siege of Rome 421

Lose Rimini ........ 422

Retire to Ravenna 422

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