F. P. VAUGHN produced and sworn.

To Mr. Reeder:

I came into the Territory of Kansas on the 26th of March, A. L 1855, and into this district on the 27th of the same month. I hav been here ever since. Previously I resided in Macon county, Missouri had lived there about fourteen years. I saw some stir about some thing before I left home; saw some persons going round about th county seat, taking certain persons out and speaking privately t them. On my way to Kansas I stopped a few days in Lynn county Missouri; there seemed to be a good deal of excitement there in rela tion to Kansas elections. I saw several persons from Macon count there; they said they were on their way to Kansas. I passed on to wards the Territory, and as I travelled along I saw different indivic uals whom I knew. Stopped a few days in Ray county, Missouri there was more excitement there than in the other counties throug which I had passed. I then came on to Clay county, Missouri, an saw a young gentleman, who said he himself was coming up to Law rence-that there were a company of three hundred others coming t vote; said they certainly would vote if the Yankees were allowed t vote, and that if any resistance were offered, there would be a fuss that the slaveholders of that county had offered to pay the expense of three hundred, and that he was one of those who had been engage to come; and that this three hundred would be sufficient for fiftee hundred votes, if they did as they had done in former elections of th Territory; that he knew of several men who, at former elections, ha voted fourteen or fifteen times apiece, by changing their hats an coats and voting in the name of their neighbors; that all of them ha voted four or five times apiece.

I crossed the river the next day with about a dozen men. One c them seemed to be a leader; said my ferriage would be paid if I wa coming to vote. From that time until I got up to this district ther were crowds of persons coming up in carriages, wagons, and on horse back, and some walking. I passed some words with some of them In coming out this side of Westport I was challenged to know wher I was from. The person with whom I was speaking said that the were from Independence, Missouri, and we are going up to vote—u



I stayed all night at Mill creek; there was a camp of Missourian there, as I understood; they were hallooing and keeping up a nois all night. Next morning I had a conversation with one person, who I supposed to be of the same camp; he said he had laid a claim in th Territory, and that he had a right to vote, although his family wer not there. I was here on the day of the election, on the 30th o March, 1855. I saw several men that I had previously known; the were the Rev. Mr. Dysart and Mr. Morrow, of Macon county, Missour and a Mr. Mayo, of Randolph county, Missouri, and Mr. Hunson, c Huston, of Carroll county, Missouri. I saw these men at the place c voting, in Lawrence. I was not in the camp. It is about two hundre miles from Macon county to this place, but not so far to Carroll county

I saw the body of men that camped near this town. I have never since seen the men from Macon, and Carroll, and Randolph counties.

Cross-examined by Mr. Sherman :

I do not know the name of the young man whom I saw in Clay county; his father lives on the road from Liberty to Randolph. I do not know that he voted, but he was present at the polls in Lawrence on the day of election, on the 30th of March, in company with the Missourians. When we crossed the Missouri river, at Randolph, the one I took to be the leader said the ferriage bills would be footed by the persons sending out the company. I do not know who the head man was; the company did not, to my knowledge, pay ferriage, but a list of their names, or their number, was given to the ferryman.

To Mr. Oliver:

I think the young man before alluded to lived about six miles from Liberty; his father lived in a weather-boarded house; there was a small room north of the main building, and a passage between. I came to this district to look around, and stay if it suited. Some excitement prevailed in Linn county. I understood the cause of the excitement in those far-off counties to be that they were fearful Kansas would become a free State. But when I reached Ray county I understood this to be the cause of the excitement. It was reported that large numbers of eastern men were coming on the boats to Kansas Territory, to be present at the elections on the 30th of March. I understood several to say that they would vote, if the Yankees or northern men voted.

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I heard some of the people of Missouri say that they were willing to leave the whole question to be settled by the bona fide settlers of the Territory; others expressed a different feeling. A great many persons in Missouri are opposed to the Missourians coming here and meddling with the elections of Kansas.


LAWRENCE, K. T., April 25, 1856.


GAIUS JENKINS produced and sworn.

To Mr. Reeder:

I was coming up from Kansas City, on the morning of the 31st March, 1855. After leaving Westport, about two and a half miles from there, I began to meet crowds of men, and as I approached the timber this side of the Baptist Mission I was frequently detained as much as fifteen minutes, allowing them to pass in the road; a good nany of them were quite wild and uproarious, and seemed to enjoy themselves, frequently asking if I had seen Governor Reeder. Some of them said that if he did not sanction that election they would hang him in the first tree, or something like that. I heard it so frequently, I cannot give the precise words; it was a general renark from the wagons at Ham's. At Mill creek they had been nooning;

and then there was a pretty general expression, asking if I had sc Governor Reeder; they said they were going into the Mission. I to them that I supposed he was at the Mission; they said they were goi in, and if he did not sanction the election, they would run him up the first tree, God damn him! They had been drinking; they stat that they had been at the election; they stated that they had elect Chapman to the council, and named one or two others that I was n acquainted with. I recognised Cole, as one I was acquainted with; was he that made the remark that they had elected Chapman. recognised others as being from Jackson county, as persons I had see These persons were armed; some had guns in their hands-no sic arms as I remember. Chapman was a candidate in this district. T party was chiefly in wagons-more than half-the rest on horsebac After leaving Mill creek, there was very little said to me; but I co tinued to pass them until four miles this side of Mill creek, some eig miles in all; and straggling parties to Fisher's, some thirteen mil further.



I did not know these men ; I recognised but could not name them; saw Mr. McGee as one of the party, but heard him say nothing-t} one that lives in the brick house beyond Westport; his first name think is Allen.


LAWRENCE, K. T., April 25, 1856.

George W. DEITZLER produced and sworn.

To Mr. Reeder :

I saw two persons here from Glasgow, Missouri, on the day of the ele tion; they came on the day before; one was Thomas Crews, keep of the Glasgow house; his father keeps it; the name of the othe I do not recollect. Mr. Crews called on me the day before the electio and talked over matters; he told me the boys were coming to vote I told him I thought it was wrong; he said that was no considers tion with them-that they were bound to make Kansas a slave State or there would be trouble. I asked him whether he intended to sta here; he said no, he might at some future day go over to Kansas. H told me their party were from Missouri; there were only six from Glasgow. He told me about four hundred were on the Wakarusa this was when he came in the day before. I said, suppose the judge refuse to receive your votes? He said, in that case, damn them, the would choose others. I said there might be trouble. At this time h took my hand and said I should not be hurt; that he would b: around. I did not see Crews vote here; I saw him with a party o Missourians that afternoon, and I saw him the next morning with the party at the polls; with the other persons I had very little conversa tion. I asked him what brought him up here; he said he cam: with the boys. I asked him what for. I asked him what for. He said he came to vote I also met Mr. Linney here, who was introduced to me on board

the boat as a member of the Missouri legislature. I don't know of my own knowledge he was a member; he was introduced to me by Colonel John Doniphan, of Weston; I saw him here on the morning of the election. I told him, from what I had seen, I expected a great many up, but had no idea I should see him here. Oh, said he, we came here to teach you your interests.

The first party of Missourians encamped on the bank of the river, close to town; they afterwards collected on the ravines; next morning they came in thick. I came to town rather early, and found the place where the election was to be held surrounded by these strangers; I knew them to be strangers from the fact that they wore white ribbons in their button-holes. Very few citizens were about at that time; they did not seem to disguise their intentions, but spoke very freely about it all day. I talked familiarly with them about it; one of them, to show that he was a citizen, took off his boots to show that he had some Kansas dirt in it; he said that made him a citizen; they said they were citizens of Kansas, all of them, when asked the question. When asked where they were from, they said from Missouri, different places. I returned to the polls about ten o'clock; found it very much crowded, so that it was almost impossible to get to the window. After much difficulty, I deposited my vote. They asked me to pass over the roof of the house; that I could not get back out of the crowd. I refused to do so, and then they asked me to get down and crawl through their legs and get out. I told them I should do no such thing; that I walked in, and should walk out. I fought my way out, I might say, and was a long while doing it. I had had equal difficulty to get in. I should suppose there were between seven and eight hundred at this point; most every one had a gun, and all had revolvers and bowieknives, and took occasion to expose them, to let us see that they were armed. Some of them left on the afternoon of the election; and others, the majority, staid till next morning.

Cross-examined by Mr. Oliver:

Mr. Crews told me that one of the reasons of the people coming into this Territory was by endeavoring to justify their course, by referring to emigrant aid societies in the east, which he understood were organized for the purpose of sending persons into Kansas to vote at that election, and, as he understood, to vote at the 30th of March election, and coming up the river for that purpose.


LAWRENCE, K. T., April 25, 1856.

CARMIE W. BABCOCK called and sworn.

To Mr. Reeder:

I came here in September, 1854, previous to the proclamation of Governor Reeder for the election of the 30th of March, 1855; there was some talk about the Missourians coming here. I took the census of this district, and as I was travelling about I often heard it said that

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the Missourians would be here at the election. It was currently reported here, for some weeks before the election, that the Missourians. were preparing to come up here, and had organized what they called a Blue Lodge for that purpose. I was intimately acquainted with several p o-slavery men in this immediate vicinity, who were reported to belong to that lodge, and whom I had every reason to believe did belong to it, from conversations with them. The first thing I observed that made me think they were coming was this: I had just opened our post office here in a little log building with a partition in it; the building was owned by a young man named William Lykins, who was deputy postmaster; we occupied but one-half of the building. The rats and mice made considerable noise in the other part of the building, which was unoccupied, and I inquired of Mr. Lykins what they were up to. He took me in there and showed me a lot of provisions, consisting of a large quantity of bacon, some corn, and I think some flour and meal, though I will not be certain about that. I do not know when the provision was brought there, though I was told. This Mr. Lykins was from Missouri, though a resident here at that time; he is now in Kansas City, Missouri.

On the evening of the 29th of March, 1855, a large crowd of men came in and encamped in the ravine just beyond the post office; I should think there were in that first company some five or six hundred; I was boarding then at Mr. Chapman's, just above the creek. That evening, about 10 o'clock, I think, a party left the camp, and started for the California road, and it was reported that they were going to the second district; soon after, another company left. I did not talk with any of them, and only heard it reported where they were going. The first company went in the direction of Douglas district; the last company in the direction of Hickory Point. There were to be elections at both places. I should think there were near two hundred in each party.

On the morning of the day of the election, a little after sunrise, another company commenced coming in. I was standing by Mr. Chapman's house, and saw them in the distance over the hill, and watched them until they passed the house and went into the camp with the others.

I was in the camp on the evening before the election and on the morning of the election, and was introduced to several persons there. I heard them talking among themselves, stating that the Howard county boys were located in such a place, the Clay county boys in another place, the Cass county boys in another place, the Saline boys in another place, and called over a number of other counties that I do not now recollect. I was introduced to a man named Davidson, Mr. Wade's father-in-law, who now lives in this Territory. I also saw a man named Coles, from Kansas City, I think; Allen McGee, of Westport, who introduced me, I think, to Colonel Samuel Young. I will not be positive about that, but I was introduced to him afterwards. My impression is that Mr. McGee introduced me to him on the morning of the election.

Nearly all these men had guns of some description; shot-guns and

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