London Gazette. Various Dispatches.

Commissions in the Spilsby and Burgh volunteer infantry, signed by the lord-lieote• nant of the county of Lincoln, Williain Barker, Esq. to be captain, dated July 25, 1812; William Simpson, gent, to be lieutenant, dated Augnst 14, 1812; John Wilson, gent. to De ditto, dated as above; John Gildon, gent to be ensign, dated July 25, 1812. Com. missions in the Derbyshire militia, signed by the lord-lieutenant of the county of Derby 1812-Robert Prior, gent. 10 be lieutenant, dated July 20; Job Clarke, gent. 10 be ditto, dated August 13. Commission in the Kircudbright and Wigton regiment of militia, signed by the lord-lieutenant, lieutenant-colonel Stuart Murray Fullarton to be colonel, vice Sir John Dalrymple Hay, deceased, dated June 17, 1812.

WAR DEPARTMENT. Admiralty office, August 18, 1812.-Copy of a letter from the Right Hon. Lord Keith, K. B Admiral of the Red, &c. to John Wilson Croker, Esq. dated on board his Majesty's ship San Josef, off Ushant, the 15th instant --SIR-THE Goldfinch has this moment joined me from Basque Roads with a dispatch which Sir Home Popham delivered th Captain Waller at St. Andero, on the 9th instant. I lose no time in transmitting : copy thereof; and congratulate their lordships upon the highly satisfactory intelligence that it contains. It is gratifying to observe that the operations of the squadron upon the north coast of Spain have been serviceable to the army; and that the arrangements made by Sir H. for seconding his lordship's further intentions appear to be judicious. Kriti.

Venerable, Harbour of St. Andero, August 2, 1812.- I HAVE the bonour to enclose, for your lordslip's information, a copy of a letter which I have just received from Sir Howard Douglas. I feel a great degree of satisfaction that the Earl of Wellington should have so handsomely marked his approbation of the services of the squadron which your lordship has placed under my orders, and I am not a little happy at having antici. pated the wishes of his lordship.


Medina del Campo, Sunday, August 2d, 1812.—THE army is advancing; bead-quarters at Cuellar. The enemy still retiring, having abandoned Valladolid with 4000 sick and wounded, and stores, ammunition, &c. We are now a part of the allied army. I had au opportunity, in a long conference with Lord Wellington, of giving a detailed account of your operations; and am happy to inform you, that his lordship is fully satis. fied of the use they have been of to his movements. An intercepted letter from Caffarelli proves this, by stating, in answer to an order he had received to join Marmont, that a British arınawent being ou the coast, he could not detach a single man; indeed some troops which he had already sent, were recalled on our appearauce. H. Douglas..

Whiteholl, Augast 18, 1812.--HIS Royal Highness the Prince Regent bas been pleased, in the name and on the behalf ot his Majesty, to grant the dignity of a Mar quess of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ircland unto the Right Honourable Arthur Earl of Wellington, Knight of the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Nasquess Wellington, of Wellington, in the county of Somerset.

WAR OFFICE, August 18, 1812. 41st regiment of foot, major William Evans to be lieutenant-colonel without parcbase; captain Robert Cotton St. Jobn Lord Clinton, from the 60th foot, to be major, vice Evans. Brevet-to be lieutenant-colonels in the army, major Julius Hartman of German artillery; major Richard Archdale, of 40th foot; major Frederick Newman, of 11th

[ocr errors]

Military Promotions. foot; major David Williamson, of 4th foot; major Thomas Dalmer, of 23d foot; major William Leigh Clowes, of 3d draguons; major John Piper, of 4th foot; major Colin Campbell, of Ist foot; major Thomas Lloyd, of 94th foot; major Leonard Greenwell, of 45th foot; major George Scovell, of 57th foot; major William Gomm, of 9th foot To he majors in the army, captain Thomas Evans, of Sath foot; captain Robert Lawson, of royal artillery; captaiu Frederick Sympher, of German artillery; captain Charles Tryon, of 88tb foot; captain William Beresford, of 31st foot; captain Alexander Rou. verea, of Sicilian regiment; captain Joseph Hawtyne, of 23d foot; captain John Crowder, of 7th foot; captain Richard Bishop, of 5th foot; captain Lawrence Arnott, of 56th foot.

Commission in the Dorsetshire regiment of militia, signed by the lord-lieutenant, John Leir Wall, gent. to be ensign, vice Clapcott, resigned, dated August 3, 1812. Commissions signed by the lord-lieatenant of the county of Lincoln, royal north Lincoln militia, Thomas Lecch Lenon Galloway, gent. to be lieatenant, dated July 29, 1812; Thomas Shepherd, gent. to be ditto, dated as above; William Henry Green, gent. to be ensign, dated as above. Royal south Lincoln militia, John Thomas Davies, gent, to be lieutenant, dated August 10, 1812. Commissions signed by the lord-lieutenant of the county of Norfolk, 1st, or Western regiment, ensign Cook Flower to be lieutenant, vice Leeder, resigned, dated July 23, 1812; ensign Thomas Cooper Colls to be lieute. Dant, dated July 24, 1812; ensign Joseph Deighton to be lieutenant, vice Langford, promoted, dated July 25, 1812; William Henry Harper, gent, to be ensign, vice Fayer. man, displaced, dated July 23, 1812. 2d, or Eastern regiment, Jobn Armet, gent. to be ensign, vice Guest, resigned, dated August 1, 1812.

Memorandum.-IN consideration of the king's German legion having so frequently distinguished themselves against the enemy, and particularly upon the occasion of the recent victory obtained near Salamanca, bis Royal Highness the Prince Regent is please ed, in the name and on the behalf of his Majesty, to command, that the officers who are now serving with temporary rank in the several regiments of that corps, shall bere per. manent rank in the British army from the date of their respective commissions.

WAR DEPARTMENT. Downing-street, August 16, 1812.–Lord Clinton, aid-de-camp to the Earl of Welling ton, arrived this morning at the war department, with dispatches addressed by bis lord. ship to Earl Bathurst, dated the 21st, 24th, and 28th ultimo, of which the following are extracts:-Cabrerizos, near Salamanca, July 21, 1812.-IN the course of the 15ih and 16th the enemy moved all their troops to the right of their position on the Douro, and their army was concentrated between Toro and San Roman. A considerable body passed the Douro at Toro, on the evening of the 16th, and I moved the allied army to their left on that night, with an intention to concentrate on the Guarena. It was totally out of my power to prevent the enemy from passing the Duuro at any point at which he might think it expedient, as he had in his possession all the bridges over that river, and many of the fords; but he re-crossed that river at Toro, in the night of the 16th, moved his whole army to Tordesillas, where he again crossed the Douro on the morning of the 17th; and assembled his army on that day at La Nava del Rey, having marched nos less than ten leagues in the course of the 17th. The 4th and light divisions of infantry, and major-general Anson's brigades of cavalry, had marched to Castrejon on the night of the 16th, with a view to the assembly of the army on the Guarena, and were at Cas. trejon under the orders of lieutenant-general Sir Stapleton Cotton, on the 17th, not han ving been ordered to proceed farther, in consequence of my knowledge thus tbe enemy

London Gazette.- Dispatches from Lord Wellington.

had not passed the Douro at Toro; and there was not time to call them in between the hour at which I received the intelligence of the whole of the enemy's army being at Le Nava, and day-light of the morning of the 18th. I therefore took measures to provide for their retreat and junction, by moving the 5th division to Tordesillas de la Orden, and major-general Le Marchant's, major-general Alten's, and major.general Bock's brigades of cavalry to Alaejos. The enemy attacked the troops at Castrejon, at the dawn of day of the 18th, and Sir Stapleton Cotton maintained the post, without suffering any loss, till the cavalry had joined him. Nearly about the same time the enemy turned by Alaejns the left Aank of our position at Castrejon. The troops retired in admirable order to Tordesillas de la Orden, having the enemy's whole army on their flank or in their rear; and thence to the Guarena, which river they passed under the same circumstances, and effected their junction with the arıny. The Guarena, which runs into the Douro, is formed by four streams, which unite about a league helow Canizal, and the enemy took a strong position on the heighis on the right of that river, and I placed the 5th, 4th, and lighit divisions, on the opposite heights, and had directed the remainder of the army to cross the Upper Guarena at Valiesa, in consequence of the appearance of the enemy's intention to turn our right. Shortly after his arrival, however, the enemy crossed the Guarena at Carteillo, below the junction of the streains, and manifested an intention to press upun our left, and to enter the valley of Canizal. Major-general Alten's brigade of cavalry, supported by the 3d dragoons, were already engaged with the eueny's cavalry, and had taken, among other prisoners, the French general Carriér; and I desired the honourable lieutenant.general Cole to attack, with ruajor-general William Anson's, and brigadier-general Harvey's brigades of infantry (the latter under the command of colonel Stubbs), the enemy's infantry, which were supporting their cavalry. He immediately attacked and defeated them with the 27thi and 40th regiments, which advanced to the charge with bayonets, colonel Stubbs' Portuguese brigade supporting, and the enemy gave way; many were killed and wounded; and major-general Alten's brigade of cavalry having pursued the fugitives, two hundred and forty prisoners were taken. Iu these atiairs lieutenant.general the lunourable G. L. Cole, major general V. Alten, major. general William Anson, lieutenant-colonel Arentschildt of the 1st bussars, and Hervey. of the 14th light dragoons, lieutenant-colonel Maclean of the 27th, and major Archdall of the 10th, lieutenant-colonel Anderson, commanding the 11th, and major de Azeredo, commanding the 23H Portuguese regiment, distinguished themselves. The enemy did not make any further attempt on our left; but having reinforced their troops on that side, and withdrawn those wbich had noved to their lest, I brought back ours from Vallesa. On the 19t11, in the afternoon, the enemy withdrew all the troops from theis right, and warched to their lest by Tarragona, apparently with an intention of turning our right. I crossed the Upper Guarena at Vallesa and El Olmo with the whole of the allied army in the course of that evening and night; and every preparation was made for the action, which was expected on the plain of Vallesa on tive morning of the 20th. But shorily after day-light the enemy made another movement in several columns to his leit, along the heights of the Guarera, which river he crossed below Canta la Piedra, and encamped last night at Babilatuente aud Villamela; and the allied army made a correspondent movement to its right by Cantalpino, and encamped last night at Cabesa Veilosa, llie 6th division, and major.general Alten's brigade of cavalry being upon the Tormes at Aldea Lengna. During these movements there have been occasional can. nunades, but without loss on our side. I have this morning moved the left of the army to the l'ormes, where the whole are now concentrated; and I observe that the enemy have also moved towards the same river, near Huerta. The enemy's object bitherto bas

London Gazette.--Dispatches from Lord Wellington.

been to cut off my communication with Salamanca and Ciudad Rodrigo. The enemy abandoned and destroyed the fort of Mirabete, un the Tagus, on the 11th instaut; and the garrison marched to Madrid, to form part of the aring of the centre. They were reduced to five days provisions. I enclose a return of the killed and wounded on the 18th instant.

Flores de Avila, July 24, 1812.—MY aid-de-camp, captain Lord Clinton, will present to your lordship this account of a victory which the allied troops under my command gained in a general action fouglit near Salamanca on the evening of the 22d inst. whicte I have been under the necessity of delaying to send till now, having been engaged ever since the action in the pursuit of the enemy's flying troops. In my letter of the 21st I informed your lordship, that both armies were near the Tormes; and the enemy crossed that river with the greatest part of his troops in the afternoon by the fords betweeu Albe. de Tormes and Huerta, and moved by their left towards the roads leading to Ciudad Rodrigo. The allied arıny, with the exception of the 3d division and general D'Urban's cavalry, likewise crossed the Tormes in the evening by the bridge of Salamanca, and the ferds in the neighbourhood; and I placed the troops in a position of which the right was, upon one of the two heights called Dos Arapiles, and the left on the Tormes below the ford of Santa Martha. The 3d division and brigadier-general D'Urban's cavalry were left at Cabrerizos, on the right of the Tormes, as the enemy had still a large corps ou the heights above Babilafuente, on the same side of the river; and I considered it not improbable, that finding our army prepared for them in the morning, on the left of the. Toimes, they would alter their plan, and manæuvre by the other bank In the course of the night of the 21st I received intelligence, of the truth of which I could not doubt, that general Chauvel had arrived at Pollos on the 20th, with the cavalry and horse artillery of the army of the north, to join Marshal Marmont; and I was quite certain that these troops would join him on the 22d or 23d at the latest. During the night of the 21st the enemy had taken possession of the village of Calvarasa de Ariba, and of the height near it called Nuestra Senora de la Pena, our cavalry being in possession of Cale Yarasa de Abaxo; and shortly after day-light detachments from both armies attempted to obtain possession of the more distant from our right of the two liills called Dos Arapiles. The enemy however succeeded, their detachment being the strongest, and having been couccaled in the woods nearer the bill than we were, by which success they strengthened materially their own position, and had in their power increased means of annoying ours. In the morning, the light troops of the 7thi division, and the 4th Caça, dores belonging to general Pack's brigade, were engaged with the enemy on the height called Nuestra Senora de la Pena; on which height they maintained themselves with the enemy throughout the day. The possession, by the eneiny, however, of the mure distant of the Arapiles, rendered it necessary for me to extend the right of the army in Potence to the heights behind the village of Arapiles, and to occupy that village with light infantry; and here I placed the 4th division, under the command of the honourable lieutenant-general Cole; and although, from the variety of the enemy's inuvements, it was difficult to form a satisfactory judgment of his intentions, I considered that, upon the whole, his objects were upon the left of the Tormes: I therefore ordered the honoura able major-general Pakenham, whù commanded the 3d division, in the absence of lieus tenant.general Picton, on account of ill health, to move across the Tormes with the troops under his command, including brigadier-general D'Crban's cavalry, and to place himself behind Aldea Tejada; brigadier-general Bradford's brigade of Portuguese infautry, and Don Carlos D'Espana's infantry having been moved up likewise to the neighbourhood


London Gazette.- Dispatches from Lord Wellingtor. of Las Torres, between the 3d and 4th divisions. After a variety of evolutions and moyements, the enemy appears to have determined upon his plan about two in the afo ternoon; and under cover of a very heavy cannonade, which however did us but very little damage, he extended his left, and moved forward his troops, apparently with an intention to embrace, by the position of his troops, and by his fire, our post on that of the two Arapiles which we possessed, and from thence to attack and break our line; or at all events 10 render difficult any movement of ours to our right. The extension of bis line to his left, however, and its advance upon our right, notwithstanding that his troops still occupied very strong ground, and his position was well defended by cannon, gave me an opportunity of attacking bim, for which I had long been anxious. I reinforced our right witly the 5th division, under lieutenant general Leith, which I placed behind the village of Arapiles, on the right of the 4th division; and with the 6th and 7th divje sions in reserve; and as soon as these troops had taken their stations, I ordered the hot novrable major-general Pakenham to move forward with the 3d division, and general D'Urban's cavalry, and two squadrons of the 14th light dragoons, under lieutenantcolonel Hervey, in four columns, to turn the enemy's left on the heights, while brigadiergeneral Bradford's brigade, the 5th division, under liuetenant-general Leith, the 4th die vision, under the honourable lieutenant-general Cole, and the cavalry, under lieutenantgeneral Sir Stapleton Cotton, should attack them in front, supported in reserve by the 6tlı division, under major-general Clinton, the 7th division, under major-general Hope, and Don Carlos D'Espana's Spanish division, and brigadier-general Pact should support the left of the 4th division, by altacking that of the Dos Arapiles, which the enemy beld. The 1st and light divisions occupied the ground on the left, and were in reserve. The attack upon the eneiny's left was made in the manner above described, and completely succeeded. Major-general the honourable Edward Pakenham formed the third division across the enemy's flank, and overthrew every thing opposed to him. These troops were supported in the most gallant style by the Portuguese cavalry under brigadier-general D'Urban, and lieutenant-colonel Hervey's squadrons of the 14th, who successfully de. feated every attempt inade by the enemy on the flank of the third division. Brigadiergeneral Bradford's brigade, the 5th and 4th divisions, and the cavalry under lieutenantgeneral Sir Stapleton Cotton, attacked the enemy in front, and drove his troops besoro them from one height to another, bringing forward their right, so as to acquire strength upon the enemy's flank, in proportion to the advance. Brigadier-general Pack made a very gallant attack upon the Arapiles, in which, however, he did not succeed, except in diverting the attention of the enemy's corps placed upon it, from the troops under the command of lieutenant-general Cole, in liis advance. The cavalry under lieutenantgeneral Sir Stapleton Cotton made a most gallant and successful charge against a body of the enemy's infantry, which they overthrew and cut to pieces. In this charge major. general Le Marchaut was killed at the head of his brigade; and I have to regret the loss of a most able officer. After the crest of the height was carried, one division of the enemy's infantry made a stand against the 4th division, which, after a severe contest, was obliged to give way, in consequence of the enemy having thrown some troops on the left of tbe 41h division, after the failure of brigadier-general Pack's attack upon the Arapiles, and the honourable lieutenant general Cole having been wounded. Marsbal Sir Williamı - Beresford, who happened to be on the spot, directed brigadier-general Spry's brigade of the fifth division, which was in the second line, to change its front, and to bring its fire on the flank of the enemy's division; and I am sorry to add, that while engaged in this service, he received a wound, which I am apprehensive will deprive ne of the benefit of his counsel and assistance for some time. Nearly about ibe same

« ForrigeFortsett »