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London Gazette.- Dispatches from Lord Wellington.
LONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY.
DOWNING STREET, APRIL 24, 1812. Captain Canning, Aide-de-Camp to General the Earl of Wellington, arrired last
night at this Office, bringing dispatches, addressed by his Lordship to the Earl
of Liverpool, of which the following are extracts or copies. Extract of a Dispatch from the Earl of Wellington, dated Camp before Badajoz,
April 3, 1812. We opened our fire on the 31st of March from twenty-six pieces of cannon, in the second parallel, to breach the face of the bastion at the south-east angle of the fort called La Trinidad; and the flank of the bastion by which the face is defended called Santa Maria. The fire upon these has continued since with great effect.
The enemy made a sortie upon the night of the 29th, upon the troops of Gen.. Hamilton's division, which invest the place on the right of the Guadiana, but were immediately driven in with loss. We lost no men on this occasion.
The movements of Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Graham and of LieutenantGeneral Sir Rowland Hill have obliged the enemy to retire by the different roads towards Cordova, with the exception of a small body of infantry and cavalry, which remained at Zalamea de la Serena, in front of Belalcazar.
Marshal Soult broke up in front of Cádiz on the 23d and 24th, and has marched upon Seville with all the troops which were there, with the exception of fuur thousand men.
I understand that he was to march from Seville again on the 30th or 31st.
I have not heard from Castile siuce the 30th ultimo. One division of the army of Portugal, which had been in the province of Avila, had on that day arrived at Guada pero, within two leagues of Ciudad Rodrigo; and it was supposed that Marshal Marmont was on his march with other troops from the side of Salamanca.
The river Agueda was not for.nable for troops on the 30th. Copy of a Dispatch froin the Earl of Wellington, dated before camp, Badajoz, April 7,
MY LORD,—My dişpatch of the 3d instant will have apprised your Lordslip of the state of the operations against Ba:lajuz to that date, which were brought to a close on the night of the 6th, by the capture of the place by storm.
The fire continued during the 4th and 5th against the face of the bastion of La Trinidad, and the dank of the bastion of Santa Maria ; and on the 4th, in the morning, we opened anotlier battery of six guns, in the second parallel, against the shoulder of the ravelin of St. Roque, and the wall in its gorge.
Practicable breaches were effected in the bastions above meutioned, in the evening of the 5th ; but as I had observed that the enemy had evtrenched the bastion of La Trinidad, and the most formidable preparations were working for the delence as well of the breach in that bastion, as of that of the bastion of Santa Maria, I deter. mined to delay the attack for another day, and turn all the guys in the batteries in the second parallel on the curtain of La Trinidad, in hopes, that by effecting a third breach, the troops would be enabled to turn the enemy's works for the defence of the other two, the attack of which would besides be connected by the troops destined to attack the breach in the curtain.
This breach was effected in the evening of the 6th, and the fire of the face of the bastion of Santa Maria and of the Hank of the bastion of La Trinidad being over. come, I determined to attack the place that night.
I bad kept in reserve, in the neighbourhood of this camp, the 5th division, under Lieut. Gen. Leith, and which had left Castile only in the middle of March, and had but lately arrived in this part of the country, and I brought them up on that evening
The plan for the attack was, that Lieut.-Gen. Picton should attack the castle of Badajoz by escalade with the 3d division ; and a detachment from the guard in the trenches, furnished that evening by the 4th division, under Major Wilson of the 48th regiment, should attack the ravelin of St. Roque upon his left; while tbe 4th division, the Honourable Major-General Colville, and the light division, upder Lievt. Col. Barnard, should attack the breaches in the bastions of La Trinadad and of Santa Maria, and in the curtain by which they are connect d. The 5th division were to occupy the ground which the 4th and light divisions had occupied during the siege, and Lieut-Gen. Leith was to make a false attack upon the outwork, called Pardeleras, and another on the works of the fort towards the Guadiana, with the left brigade of the division, under Major General Wa'ker, which he was to tura into a real aitack, if circumstances should prove favourable ; and Bri
London Gazette.- Dispatches from Lord Wellington.
garlier-General Power, who jovested the plare wiib his Portuguese brigade on the right of the Guadiana, was directed to make faise attacks on the tete-du-pont, the furt St. Christoral, and the new redoubt called Mon-ceur..
The attack was accordingly made at ten at night. Lieutenant General Picton preceding, hy a few minutes, the attack by the remainder of the troops.
Major-General Keinpt led this attack, which went out from the right of the first parellel; he was unfortunately wonded in crossing the Rivellas below the inundation; but notwitlisianding this circumstance, and ihe obstinate resistance of the enemy, tbe castle was carried lry escalade, and thie 3d division established in it at about half past eleven.
While this was going on, Major Wilson, of the 48th regiment, carried the ravelin of St. Roque by the gorge, with a detachment of 200 men of the guard in the trenches, and with the assistance of Major Squire, of the engineers, established himself within that work.
The 4th and light divisjops moved to the attack from the camp along the left of the river Rivellas and of the inundation. They were vot perceived by the enemy till they reached the covered way, and the advanced guards of the two divisions descended without difficulty into the ditcli, protected by the fire of the partics stationed on the glacis for that purpose; and they advanced to the assault of the breaches, led by their gailant officers, with tile utwost intrepidity; but such was the nature of the obstacles prepared by the enemy at the top and behind the breaches, and so determined their resistance, tliat orr troops could not establislı themselves within the place. Many brave officers and soldiers were killed or wounded by explosions at the top of the breacbes; others who succeeded them were obliged to give way, having found it impossible to penetrate tbc obstacles which the enemy had prepared to impede their progress. These attempts were repeated till after twelve at night, wben, fivding that success was not to be attined, and that Lieutenant General Picton was established in the castle, I ordered that the 4th and light divisions might retire to the ground on which they had first asseinbled for the attack.
In the mean time, Major-General Leith had pushed forward Major-General Walker's brigade on the left, supported by the 36tb regiment under LieutenantColonel Nigent, and the 15th Portugucse regiment oder Lieutenant-('olone Le Regoa; and he had made a false attack upon tle Pardelas •s with the 8th Caçadnres under Major Hill. Major-General Walker forced the barrier on the road of Olivença, and entered the covered way on the left of the bastion of St. Vicente, close to the Guadiana. He there descended into the ditch, and escaladed the face of the bastion of St. Vincente.
Licit.-General Leith supported this attack by the 38th regiment and the 15th Portuguese regiment; and our troops being thus established in the castle, which commands all the works of the town, and in the town), and the 4th and light divisiuns being förmed again for tlie attack oj tle breaches, all resistance ceased; and ai daylight in the morning, the Governor, General Philipon, who had retired to fort St. Christoval, surrendered, together with General Vellande, and all the staff and the whole garrison.
I have not got accurate reports of the strength of the garrison, or of the number of the prisoners; but General Philipon bas informed me, that it consisted of fire thousand men at the commencement of the sieve, of which twelve hundred were killed or wouxded during the operations, besides thiuse lost in the assault of the place. There were five French battalions, besides two of the regiment Hesse. D'Armstadt, and the artillery, engineers, ...; and I understand there are four thousand prisoners.
It is impossible that any expresssions of mine can compey to your Lordship tlic sense which I entertain of the gallantry of the officers and troops upon this occasion.
The list of killed and wounded will sbow that the general officers, the staff attached to them the commandin';, and other officers of regiments, put themselves at the bead of the attacks which they severally directed, and set the example of gal. Luntry, which was so well followed by their men.
Marshal Sir William Beresford assisted me in conducting the details of this sirge, and I am inuch indebted to liim for the cordial assistance woich I received from him, as well during its progress, as in the last operation, which brought it to a termination.
The duties in the trenches were conducted successively by the Hon Major-Gene. ral Colville, Major-General Bwes, and Major General Kempt, under the superintendance of Lieut-General Pictou. I harelad occasion to mentiou all these officers during the course of the operations, and they all distinguished themselves, and were all wounded in thic assault. I ain particularly obliged to Lical-General Picton, for the
Londou Gazette.--Dispatches from Lord Wellington.
manner in wbich be arranged the attack of the castle, and for that in which he supe ported the attack, and established bis troops in that important post.
Lieutenant-Geotral Leith's arrangemevts for the false attack upon the Pardeleras, and that under Major General Walker, were likewise most judicicus, and he availed himself of the circumstances of the moment, to push forward and support the attack under Major. General Walker, in a manner highly creditable to him. The gallantry and conduct of Major-General Waiker, who was also wounded, and that of the officers and troops under his cominand, were highly conspicuous.
The arrangements made by Major General Colville, for the attack by the 4th division, were very judicious, and he led them to the attack in the most gailaut
In consequence of the abgenre, on account of sickness, of Major-General Fandeleur and Colonel Beckwith, Lieutenant Colonel Barnard commanded the light divi sion in the assault, and distinguisbed himself, not less by the manner in which he made the arrangements for ibat operation, than by bis personal gallantry in its exciticn.
I have also to mention Major-General Hervey, of the Portuguese service, commanding a brigade in the sth division, and Brigadier-General Champlemond, commanding the Portuguese brigade in the 3d divi-ion, as highly distinguished ; Brigadier General Harvey was wounded in the storm.
Your Lordship will see, in the list of killed and wounded, a list of the command.' ing officers of regiments. In Lieutenant-Colonel M‘Leod, 'of the 430 regiment, who was killed in the breach, his Majesty las sustained the loss of an officer who was an ornament to his profession, and was capable of rendering the most important services to his country. I must likewise mention Lieutentant-Colonel Gibbs, of the 57th regiment, who was wounded, and Major O'Hare, of the 951h, unfortunately killed in the breach ; Lieutenant-Colonel Elder of the 3d, and Major Aleges of the Ist Caçadores ; Lieutenant-Colonel Harcourt, of the 40th, likewise w unded, was bigbly distinguished ; and Lieutenant-Colonel Blakeney, of the Royalı Fusileers, Knight of the 27th, Erskine of the 48th, and Captain Laky, who commanded the 23d regiment, Lieutenaut-Colonel Ellis having been wounded during the previons operations of the siege.
In the 5th division I must mention Major Hill, of the sth Caçadores, who directed the false attack npon the fort Purdeleras. It was impossible for any men to behave better than these did. I must likewise mention Lientenant. Colonel Brook, of the 4th regiment, the Honourable Lieutenant-Colonel Caritun, of the 44th, and Lieutenant-Colonel Grey, of the 30th, who was unfortunately killed. The 2d battalion of the 38th, under Lieutenan:-Colonel Nugent, and ibe isth Portuguese regiment, under Colonel de Regoa, likewise performed their part in a very exemplary manner.
The officers and troops in the 3d division have distinguished themselves as usual in these operations. Lieutenant-General Picton has reported to me particularly the conduct of Lieutenant-Colonel Williams, of the 60th ; Lieutenant-Colonel Ridge, of the 5th, who was unfortunately killed in the assault of the castle; LieutenantColonel Forbes, of the 45th regiment; Lieutenant-Colove! Fitzgerald, of the oib; Lieutenant-Colonels Trench and Manners, of the 74th regiment; Major Carr of the sd, and the Honourable Major Pakenham, Assistant Adjutant-General tu the 3d division.
He has likewise particularly reported the good conduct of Colonel Campbell, of the 94th, commanding the Honourable Major-General Colrille's brigade, during bis absence in command of the 4th divisio!), whose conduct I have so frequently had occasion to report to your Lordship. The officers and men of the corps of engineers and artillery were equally distinguished during the operations of the siege, and in its cluse. Lieutenant-Colonel Fletcher continued to direct the works hot. withstanding that he was wounded in the sortie inade by the enemy on the. Igih of March), which were carried on by Major Squire and Major Burgoyne, nuder llis directions. The former established the detachments under Major Wilson in the ravelia of St. Roque, on the night of the storin; the latter attended the attack of the 3d division on the castle. I have likewise to report the good conduct of Major Jones, Captain Nicholas, and Captain Williams, of the Royal Engine«rs.
Major Dickson conducted the details of the artillery service during this siege, as well as upou former occasions, under the generat superintendance of LieutenantColonel Framinghamn, who, since the absence of Major-General Borthwick, has commanded the artillery with this army. I eannot suficiently applaud the officers and soldiers of the British and Portuguese artillery during this siege, particularly Lieutenant-Colonel Robe, who opened the breaching batteries ; Majors May aud Holcombe, Captain Gardiner, and Lieutenant Buuchler, of the Royal Artillery; VOL. IV, No. 19.
London Gazette.- Dispatches from Lord Wellington.
Captain De Rettberg, of the King's German Artillery, aud Major Tulloh, of the Portuguese.
Adverting to the extent of the details of the ordnance department during the siege, to the difficulty of the weather, &c. with which Major Dickson had to con. tenit, I must mention bim most particularly to your Lordship.
The officers of the Adjutant and Quarter-Master-General's departments rendered me every assistance on this occasion, as well as those of my personal Staff; and I have to add, that I have received reports from the General Officers commanding divisions, of the assistance they received from the officers of those departments attached to them, the greater number of whom, and of their personal Staff, are wounded.
In a former dispatch I reported to your Lordship the difcculties with which I had to contend, in consequence of the failure of the civil authorities of the provivce of Alentejo to perform their duty, and supply the Army with means of transport; these difficulties have continued to exist; but I must also do General Victoria, the Governor of Elvas, the justice to report, that be, and the troops under his command, have made every exertion, and liave done every thing in their power to contribute to
Marshal Suult left Seville on the ist instant, with all the troops which he could collect in Andalusia; and he was in commuuication with the troops which had retired from Estramadura, under General Drouet, on the 3d, and he arrived at Llerena on tbe 4th. I had intended to collect the Army in proportion as Marshal Soult should advance; and I requested Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Graham to retire gradually, while Lieutenant-General Sir Rowland Hill should do the same from Don Benito, and the upper parts of the Guadiana.
I do not thiuk it certain that Marshal Soult has made any decided movement from Llerena since the 4th, although he has patroled forward with small detachmentr of cavalry, and the advanced guard of his infantry have been at Usagre.
None of the Army of Portugal have moved to join bim.
According to the last reports which I have received to the 4th instant on the frontiers of Castile, it appears that Marshal Marinont had established a body of troops between the Agueda and the Coa, and he had reconnoitered Almeida on the 3d.' Brigadier-General Trant's division of militia had arrived on thie Coa, and Brigadier-General Wilson's division was following with the cavalry, and LieutenantGeneral tbe Conde d'Amarante was op bis marcb, with a part of the corps under his command, towards the Doaro.
I have the honour to enclose returns of the killed and wounded from the 1st of March, and in the assault of Badajoz, and a return of the ordnance, small arnas, and am. munition found in the place ; I will send returns of the provisions in the place by the next dispatch.
This dispatch will be delivered to your Lordship by my Aide-de-Camp, Captain Canning, whom I beg leave to recommend to your protection. He has likewise tbe colours of the garrison, and the colours of the Hesse d'Armstadt's regiment, to be laid at the feet of His Royal Highuess the Prince Regent. The French battaJions in the garrisou had no eagles.
WELLINGTON. Copy of a Dispatch from the Earl of Wellington, dated, Camp at Badajoz, April 8.
MY LORD,-It gives me great pleasure to inform your Lordship, that our numerous wounded otticers and soldiers are doing well.
I have had great reason to be satisfied with the attention paid to them by Mr. M'Gregor, the Inspector General of Hospitais, and the niedical gentlemen under his direction, and I trust the loss to the service, upon this occasiou, will act eventu. ally be great.
I have the honour to be, &c.
WELLINGTON.The Earl nf Liverpool, &c. Return of killed, wounded, and missing, of the army under the command of his ExLundnn Gazette.- Dispatches from Lord Wellington.
cellency General Arthur Earl of Wellington, K. B. at the siege of Badajos, from the 31st. of March to the 2d of April, 1812, inclusive.
Head-Quarters, Badajoz, April 3, 1812. Royal Artillery—3 rank aod file killed ; 1 Captain, 1 Lieutenant, 12 rank and file wounded. ad batt. 5th foot rank and file wounded. ist batt. 7th foot4 rank and file killed; 3 rank and file wounded. Ist batt. 23d foot-1 rank and file wounded. 3d batt. 27th foot-2 rank and file wounded,
2d batt. 34th foot- Lieutenant wounded. Ist batt. 4uth fuota sérjeant, 1 rank and file wounded. ist batt. 43d foot-g rank and file wounded. ist batt. 45th fool- Lieutenant killed; 1 serjeant, 2 rank and file wounded. ist batt. 48th foot-- 1 rank and file killed. Ist batt. 520 foot-1 serjeant wounded. 5tb batt, 6oth foot---| rank and file killed ; 4 rank and file wounded. 74th f.ot-1 serjeant wounded. 77th foot-1 rank and tile killed ; 3 rank and file wounded. .d batt. 83d four-] rapk and file killed ; 1 rank and file woundel. Ist batt. 88th foot-3 rank and file killed; 3 rank and file wounded. Ist. ball. 92d foot-1 Lieutepant wounded. 94th fool -1 Lieutenant, 1 rank anıl file wounded. Ist batt.95th fout rank and file wounded. 3d batt. 95th foot-2 rank and file killed ; 4 rank and file wounded. Duke uf Brunswick Dels- rank and tile woundedi.
Total British loss- lieutenant, 16 rank and filc killed ; I captain, 4 lieutenants, A serjeants, 44 rank and file, wounded.
Total Portuguese loss-) captain, 12 rank and file, killed; i ensign, 1 serjeant, 51 rank and file, wounded.
Total British and Portuguese loss- 1 captain, 1 lieutenant, 28 rank and file, killed; I captain, 4 lieutenants, 1 ensiga, 4 serjeants, 95 rank and file, wounderi.
CHARLES STUART, M. G. and A. G, Return of killed, wounded, and missing, of the Army under the command of his Ex
sellency, Generul Arthur karl of Wellinglon, K. B. at the siege of Badajos, frons the 6th to the 7th of April, 1812, inclusive.
Head.Quarters, Camp before Badajoz, Aprils. Royal Artillery- Captain, 8 rank and file killed; i Captain, 12 runk and ble wounded.
General Stafi-- Captain killed ; 5 General Staff, 3 Majors, 6 Captains, 2 Lieu. tepants, wounded.
Royal Engineers—, Lieutenants killed ; : Captains, 1 Lieutenant, 5 rank and file wounded.
3d batt. Royal Scots-2 Lieutenants wourded.
1st batt, 4th foot-1 Captain, 1 Lieutenant, 2 serjeants, 38 rank and file killed; i Major, 4 Captains, 8 Lieutenants, 2 Ensigos, 8 serjeauts, i drummer, 164 rank and fiie wounded.
2d batt. 516 foi - Major, 1 serjeant, 10 rank and file killed; 1 Captain, iLieu. tenant, i Ensign, 3 serjeants, i drummer, 26 rank and file wounded.
ist batt. 7in luul- Major, 1 Captain, 3 Lieutenants, 2 serjeants, 42 rank and file, killed; 1 Lieutenant-Colonel, i Captain, 10 Lieutenants, li serjeants, 109 rank aud file wourded.
Ist batt. 93d foot-1 Captain, 1 Lieutenant, 1 Ensign, 3 serjeants, 19 rank' and file killed; 3 Captains, 10 Lieutenants, 1 Ensigt, 7 serjeants, i drummer, 84 rank and file wounded; I serjeaut, 19 rank and ble missing:
3d balt. 27th foot- Captain, 3 Lieutenants, 3 serjeants, 35 rank and file killed ; 1 Major, i Captain, 7 Lieutenants, 2 Ensigus, i Stall, 9 serjeants, 123 rank and file wounded.
2d batt. 30th fool_2 serjeants, 36 rauk and file killed ; 1 Major, 2 Captains, 2 Lieutenants, i Ensig!, 6 serjeants, 32 rank and tile wounded.
2d batt. 38th foot-i Ensign, i serjeant, 11 rank and file kilicd; i Captain, 1 Lieutenants, 1 Ensign, 1 berjeant, i dremmer, and 28 rank and file wounded.
ist batt. 40th foot-2 Lieutenants, 5 serjeants, 46 rank and file killed ;, 1 Lieu. tenant-Colonel, 1 Major, 3 Captains, 9 Lieutenants, 1 Ensigu, 11 serjeants, and 162 rank and file wonnded.
Ist batt. 43d footLieutenant-Colonel, s Lieutenantı, 3 serjcants, 71 rank and file killed : 1 Major, 2 Captains. 12 Lieutenants, 18 serjeauts, 1 drummer, 238 rank and gle wounded.
2d hatt. 44th foot-a2 Lieutenants, 2 serjeants, 35 rank and file killed; 1 Lieutenant-Colonel, 3 Captains, 2 Lieutenants, i Ensign, 7 serjeauls, i druancr, so rank and file wounded.
1st batt. 45th foot-- Captain, Ensigus, i Serjeant, 18 rank and file kilicil; 3 Captains, 6 Lieutenants, 2 Ensigus, & scrjeants, 1 drunumer, 55 rack and file wounded.
Ist bart. 48th foot--1 Captain, 1 Lieutenant, i Ensign, 3 Serjeants, ag rank and file killed ; 1 Lieutenant-Colonel, 1 Major, 3 Captains, 7 Lieutenants, é Losigns, 6 Serjeants, u6 rauk and file wounded.