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Toʻsour your happiness, I mus. report

With my request, which, I'N make bold, your high-
The queen is dead.
Сут. .

Whom worse than a physician cannot deny; he hath done no Briton harm,
Would this report become? But I consider, Though he have serv'd a Roman: save him, sir,
By medicine life may be prolong'd, yet death And spare no blood beside.
Will seize the doctor too. i-How ended she?


I have surely seen him :
Cor. With horror, madly dying, like her life ;

His favour4 is familiar to me.-
Which, being cruel to the world, concluded Boy, thou hast look'd thyself into my grace,
Most cruel to herself. What she confess'd, And art mine own. I know not why, nor wherefore,
I will report, so please you: These her women To say live, boy :' ne'er thank thy master; live :
Can trip me, if I err: who, with wet cheeks, And ask of 'Cymbeline what boon thou wilt,
Were present when she finish'd.

Fitting my bounty, and thy state, I'll give it';

Pr'ythee, say.

Yea, though thou do demand a prisoner, Cor. First, she confess'd she never lov'd you; The noblest ta'en. only


I humbly thank your highness.
Affected greatness got by you, not you:

Luc. I do not bid thee beg my life, good lad;
Married your royalty, was wife to your place; And yet, I know, thou wilt.
Abhorr'd your person.


No, no : alack, Cym.

She alone knew this: There's other work in hand : I see a thing And, but she spoke it dying, I would not

Bitter to me as death: your life, good master, Believe her lips in opening it. Proceed.

Must shuffle for itself. Cor. Your daughter, whom she bore in hand to Luc.

The boy disdains me, love

He leaves me, scorns me : Briefly die their joys,
With such integrity, she did confess

That place them on the truth of girls and boys.
Was as a scorpion to her sight; whose life, Why stands he so perplex'd ?
But that her flight prevented it, she had


What would'st thou, boy? Ta'en off by poison.

I love thee more and more; think more and more Cym.

0, most delicate fiend! What's best to ask. Know'st him thou look'st on 3 Who is't can read a woman ?--Is there more?

Cor. More, şir, and worse. She did confess, Wilt have him live? Is he thy kin? thy friend ?
she had

Imo. He is a Roman; no more kin to me,
For you a mortal mineral; which, being took, Than I to your highness; who, being born your
Should by the minute seed on life, and, ling'ring,

By inches waste you: In which time she purpos’d, Am something nearer.
By watching, weeping, tendance, kissing, io


Wherefore ey'st him so?
O'ercome you with her show: yes, and in time Imo. I'll tell you, sir, in private, if you please
(When she had fitted you with her craft,) to work To give me hearing.
Her son into the adoption of the crown.


Ay, with

all my heart,
But failing of her end by his strange absence, And lend my best attention. What's thy name?
Grew shameless desperate ; open'd, in despite Imo. Fidele, sir.
Of heaven and men, her purposes; repented Сут. Thou art my good youth, my page ;
The evils she hatch'd were not effected; so I'll be thy master : Walk with me; speak freely.
Despairing, died.

(CYMBELINE and IMOGEN Converse apart. Сут. .

Heard you all this, her women? Bel. Is not this boy reviv'd from death? Lady. We did, so please your highness.


One sand another Сут. .

Mine eyes Not more resembles : That sweet rosy lad,
Were not in fault, for she was beautiful ;

Who died, and was Fidele :-What think you ?
Mine ears, that heard her flattery; nor my heart, Gui. The same dead thing alive.
That thought her like her seeming; it had been Bel. Peace, peace! see further ; he eyes us not ;

To have mistrusted her: yet, O my daughter ! Creatures may be alike : were't he, I am sure
That it was folly in me, thou may'st say,

He would have spoke to us.
And prove it in ihy feeling. Heaven mend all!

But we saw him dead.
Enter Lucius, Iachimo, the Soothsayer, and other Bel. Be silent; let's see further.
Roman Prisoners, guarded : Posthumus behind,


It is my mistress : [ Aside. and IMOGEN.

Since she is living, let the time run on, Thou coms't not, Caius, now for tribute ; that

To good, or bad. The Britons have raz'd out, though with the loss

(CYMBELINE and IMOGEN come forward. of many a bold one; whose kinsmen have made

Сут. . Come, stand thou by our side ; suit,

Make thy demand aloud.Sir, [To lacu.) step That their good souls may be appeas?d with slaughter Give answer to this boy, and do it freely;

you forth; of you their captives. which ourself have granted; Or, by our greatness, and the grace of it So, think of your estate.

Luc. Consider, sir, the chance of war : the day which is our honour, bitter torture shall
Was yours by accident; had it


Winnow the truth from falsehood.--On, speak to

us, We should not, when the blood was cool, have


Imo. My boon is, that this gentleman may render
Our prisoners with the sword. But since the gods of whom he had this ring.
Will have it thus, that nothing but our lives


What's that to him? May be call'd ransom, let it come : sufficeth,

[Aside. A Roman with a Roman's heart can suffer:

Cym. That diamond upon your finger, say, Augustus lives to think on't: And so much

How came it yours? For my peculiar care. This one thing only

Tach. Thou'lı torture me to leave unspoken that I will entreat; My boy, a Briton born,

Which, to be spoke, would torture thee. Let him be ransom'd: never master had


How ! me? A page so kind, so duteous, diligent,

lach. I am glad to be constrain'd to utter that So tender over his occasions, true,

which So feat," so nurselike : let his virtue join

2 "To bear in hand' is to delude by false appear 1 This observation has already occurred in the Fune. ances.' ral Song, p. 332 :

3 Feat is ready, dexterous. 4 Countenance. • The sceptre, learning, physic, must

5 I know not what should induce me to say, live, All follow this, and come to dust,'

boy.' The word nor was inserted by Rowe.


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Torments me to conceal. By villany,

of secret on her person, that he could not I got this ring; 'twas Leonatus' jewel ;

But think her bond of chastity quite crack'd, Whom thou didst banish ; and (which more may I having ta'en the forfeit. Whereupon, grieve thee,

Methinks, I see him now,As it doth me,) a nobler sir ne'er liv'd


Ay, so thou dost, 'Twixt sky and ground. Wilt thou hear more, my

[Coming forward. lord ?

Italian fiend !-Ah me, most credulous fool, Cym. All that belongs to this.

Egregious murderer, thief, any thing, lach,

That paragon, thy daughter,- That's due to all the villains past, in being, For whom my heart drops blood, and my false spirits To come!-0, give me cord, or knife, or poison, Quail' to remember,-Give me leave; I faint. Some upright justicer ! Thou, king, send out Cym. My daughter! what of her ? Renew thy For tortures ingenious: it is strength :

That all the abhorred things o' the earth amend I had rather thou should'st live whilo nature will, By being worse than they. I am Posthumus, Than die ere I hear more : strive man and speak. That killid thy daughter:-villain like, I lie ;

lach. Upon a time (unhappy was the clock That caus'd á lesser villain than myself
That struck the hour!) it was in Rome (accursd A sacrilegious thief, to do't :-the iemple
The mansion where!) 'twas at a feast, (O 'would Of virtue was she ; yea, and she herself.'
Our viands had been poison'd! or, at least, Spit, and throw stones, cast mire upon me, set
Those which I heav'd to head !) the good Post- The dogs o' the street to bay me : every villain

Be callid Posthumus Leonatus; and
(What should I say? he was too good to be Be villany less than 'twas !-0, Imogen!
Where ill men were; and was the best of all My queen, my life, my wife! Ó, Imogen,
Amongst the rar'st of good ones,) sitting sadly, Imogen, Imogen!
Hearing us praise our loves of Italy


Peace, my lord; hear, hearFor beauty that made barren the swell'd boast Post. Shall's have a play of this? Thou scornful Of him that best could speak : for feature,2 laming

page, The shrine of Venus, or straight-pight Minerva, There lie thy part. (Striking her ; she falls. Postures beyond brief nature; for condition,


O, gentlemen, help, help, A shop of all the qualities that man

Mine, and your mistress :-0, my lord Posthumus! Loves woman for; besides, that hook of wiving, You ne'er kill'd Imogen till now :--Help, help! Fairness which strikes the eye ;

Mine honour'd lady!
I stand on fire : Сут.

Does the world go round? Come to the matter.

Post. How comes these staggers' on me?
All too soon I shall,


Wake, my mistress! Unless thou would'st grieve quickly. This Post- Cym. If this be so, the gods do mean to strike me humus

To death with mortal joy. (Most like a noble lord in love, and one


How fares my mistress ? That had a royal lover,) took his hint;

Imo. O, get thee from my sight; And, not dispraising whom we prais'd (therein Thou gav'st me poison : dangerous fellow, hence ! He was as calm as virtue,) he began

Breathe not where princes are. His mistress' picture; which by his longue being Cym.

The tune of Imogen! made,

Pis. Lady,
And then a mind put in't, either our brags The gods throw stones of sulphur on me, if
Were crack'd of kitchen trulls, or his description That box I gave you was not thought by me
Prov'd us unspeaking sots.

A precious thing; I had it from the queen.

Nay, nay, to the purpose. Cym. New matter still ? lach. Your daughter's chastity—there it begins. Imo.

It poison'd me. He spake of her as: Dian had hot dreams,


O, gods ! And she alone were cold: Whereat, I, wretch! I left out one thing which the queen confess'd, Made scruple of his praise ; and wager'd with him which must approve thee honest : If Pisanio Pieces of gold, 'gainst this which then he wore Have, said she, given his mistress that confection Upon his honour'd finger, to attain

Which I gave him for a cordial, she is serv’d
In suit the place of his bed, and win this ring As I would serve a rat.
By hers and mine adultery : he, true knight,


What's this, Cornelius? No lesser of her honour confident

Cor. The queen, sir, very oft importun'd me Than I did truly find her, stakes this ring; To temper poisons for her; still pretending And would so, had it been a carbuncle

The satisfaction of her knowledge, only of Phæbus' wheel; and might so safely, had it In killing creatures vile, as cats and dogs Been all the worth of his car. Away to Britain Of no esteem : I, dreading that her purpose Post I in this design : Well may you, sir, Was of more danger, did compound for her Remember me at court, where I was taught A certain stuff, wbich, being ta'en, would cease Of your chaste daughter the wide difference The present power of life : but, in short time, "Twixt amorous and villanous. Being thus quench'd All offices of nature should again Of hope, not longing, mine Italian brain

Do their due functions.—Have you ta'en of it? 'Gan in your duller Britain operate

Imo. Most like I did, for I was dead. Most vilely; for my vantage, excellent;


My boys, And to be brief, my practice so prevail'd,

There was our error. That I return'd with similar proof enough


This is sure, Fidele. To make the noble Leonatus mad,

Imo. Why did you throw your wedded lady from By wounding his belief in her renown With tokens thus, and thus ; averring notes Think, that you are upon a rock ; and now Of chamber-hanging, pictures, this her bracelet, Throw me again.''

[Embracing him. (0, cunning, how I got it!) nay, some marks

Shakspeare has the word thrice in King Lear. And 1 To quail is to faint, or sink into dejection.

Warner, in his Albion's England, 1602, b. x. ch. 45 2 Feature is here used for proportion.

* Precelling his progenitors, a justicer uprighi.' 3 As for as if. So in The Winter's Tale :

7 Not only the temple of virtue, but virtue herself.' he uiters them as he had eaten ballads.'

Si. e. this wild and delirious perturbation. It is still He had deserved it, were it carbuncled

common to say it stagger'd me,' when we have been Like Phæbug' car.' Antony and Cleopatra. moved by any sudden emotion of surprise. 5 1. e. such marks of the chamber and pictures, as 9 Mix, compound. merred or confirmed my report.

10 Imogen comes up to Posthumus as soon as she 6 Justicer was anciently used instead of justice.knowe that the error is cleared up; and, hanging fondly

you ?



Post. Hang there like fruit, my soul,

Arv. In that he spake too far. Till the tree die!

Cym. And thou shalt die for't.

How now, my flesh, my child ?

We will die all three :
What, mak'st thou me a dullard in this act? But I will prove, that two of us are as good
Wilt thou not speak to me?

As I have given out him.--My sons, I must, Imo,

Your blessing, sir, For mine own part, unfold a dangerous speech,

(Kneeling. Though, haply, well for you, Bel. Though you did love this youth, I blame ye Aru.

Your danger is

not ;
You had a motive for't. [To Gur, and Arv. Gui. And our good his.
My tears that fall,


Have at it, then. Prove holy water on thee! Imogen,

By leave ;-Thou hadst, great king, a subject, who Thy mother's dead.

Was call'd Belarius.
I am sorry for't, my lord. Cym.

What of him ? he is
Cym. 0, she was naught: and 'long of her it was, A banish'd traitor.
Thai we meet here so strangely: But her son Bel.

He it is, that hath
Is gone, we know not how, nor where.

Assum'd this age :2 indeed, a banish'd man ; Pis.

My lord, I know not how, a traitor. Now fear is from me, I'll speak troih. Lord Cloten, Сут. .

Take him hence; Upon my lady's missing, came to me

The whole world shall not save him. With his sword drawn; foam’d at the mouth, and Bel.

Not too hot , swore,

First pay me for the nursing of thy sons; If I discover'd not which way she was gone,

And let it be confiscate all so soon It was my instant death: By accident,

As I have receiv'd it, I had a feigned letter of my master's


Nursing of my sons ? Then in my pocket; which directed him

Bel. I am too blunt and saucy: Here's my knee; To seek her on the inountains near to Milford ; Ere I arise, I will prefer my sons ; Where, in a frenzy, in my master's garments, Then, spare not the old father. Mighty sir, Which he inforc'd from me, away he posts. These two young gentlemen, that call me father, With unchaste purpose, and with oaih 10 violate And think they are my sons, are none of mine ; My lady's honour : what became of him,

They are the issue of your loins, my liege,
I further know not.

And blood of your begetting.
Let me eud the story :


How! my issue ? Į slew him there.

Bel. So sure as you your father's. I, old Morgan, Cym.

Marry, the gods forefend! Am that Belarius whom you sometime banishd; I would not thy good deeds should from my lips Your pleasure was my mere offence," my punishPluck a hard sentence: pr’ythee, valiant youth, Deny't again.

Itself, and all my treason; that I suffer'd, Gui. I have spoke it, and I did it. Was all the harm I did. "These gentle princes Cym. He was a prince.

(For such, and so they are) these twenty year Gui. A most uncivil one : The wrongs he did me Have I train’d up: those arts they have, as I Were nothing princelike; for he did provoke me Could put into them; my breeding was, sir, as With language that would make me spurn the sea, Your highness knows. Their nurse, Euriphile, If it could roar so to me; I cut off's head ; Whom for the theft I wedded, stole these children And am right glad, he is not standing here Upon my banishment: I mov'd her to't; To tell this tale of minc,

Having receiv'd the punishment before, Cym.

I am sorry for thee : For that which I did then : Beaten for loyalty By thine own tongue thou art condemn'd, and must Excited me to treason: Their dear loss, Endure our law : Thou art dead.

The more of you 'twas felt, the more it shap'd Imo,

That headless man Unto my end of stealing them. But, gracious sir, I thought had been my lord.

Here are your sons again ; and I must lose Cym.

Bind the offender,

Two of the sweet'st companions in the world :And take him from our presence.

The benedictions of these covering heavens Bel.

Stay, sir king: Fall on their heads like dew! for they are worthy This man is better than the man he slew,

To inlay heaven with stars.* As well descended as thyself; and hath


Thou weep'st, and speak’st More of thee merited than a band of Clutens The service, that you three have done, is more Had ever scar for.-Let his arms alone ;

Unlike than this thou tell'st : I lost my children;

[Tb the Guard. If these be they, I know not how to wish They were not born for bondage.

A pair of worthier sons.
Why, old soldier, Bel.

Be pleas'd a while.-
Wilt thou undo the worth thou art unpaid for, This gentleman, whom I call Polydore,
By tasting of our wrath ?! How of descent Most worthy prince, as yours, is true Guiderius;
As good as we?

This gentleman, my Cadwal, Arviragus,

Your younger princely son; he, sir, was lapp'd on him, says, not as upbrailing him, but with kindness In a most curious mantle, wrought by the hand and good humour, 'How could you treat your wife thus? in that endearing tone which most reailers, who are fathers and husbands, will understand, who will add was, it must have a reference to the different appearance poor to wife. She then adels, Now you know who I which he now makes in comparison with that when am, suppose we were on the edge of a precipice, and Cymbeline last saw him. throw me from you ; meaning, in the same endearing 3 The old copy reads "neere offence;' the emendairony, to say, I ain sure it is as impossible for you to be lion is by Mr. Tyrwhitt. Belarius means to say "My intentionally unkind to me, as it is for you to kill me. crime, my punishment, and all the treason that I com Perhaps some very wise persons may smile at part of mitted, originated in, and were founded on, your caprice this note; but however much black-letter books inay be only! necessary to elucidate some parts of Shakespeare, there 4 Take him and cut him into little stars, are others which require some acquaintance with those And he will make the face of hearen so fine,' &o. familiar pages of the book of Nature:

Romeo and Juliet, Which learning may not understand,

5 Thy tears give testimony to the sincerity of thy And wisdom may disdain to hear.' Pye. relation; and I have the less reason to be incredulous, 1. The consequence is taken for the whole action; by because the actions which you have done within my tasting is by forcing us to make thee to laste, knowledge are more incredible than the story which

2 As there is no reason to imagine that Belarius had you relate ! assumed the appearance of being older than he really son,

The king reasons very justly John

you ?

Of his quoen mother, which, for more probation, The purpose I then follow'd ;-That I was he, I can with ease produce.

Speak, Iachimo; I had you down, and might Cym. Guiderius had

Have made you finish. Upon his neck a mole, a sanguine star :


I am down again : [Kneeling It was a mark of wonder.

But now my heavy conscience sinks my knee, Bel.

This is he;

As then your force did. Take that life, 'beseech Who hath upon him still that natural stamp;

you, It was wise nature's end in the donation,

Which I 'so often owe: but, your ring first
To be his evidence now.

And here the bracelet of the truest princess,
Сут. .
O, what am I

That ever swore her faith.
A mother to the birth of three? Ne'er mother


Kneel not to me; Rejoic'd deliverance more :-Bless'd may you bo, The power that I have on you, is to spare you; That after this strange starting from your orbs,

The malice towards you, to forgive you : Live, You may reign in them now!-0, Imogen, And deal with others better. Thou hast lost by this a kingdom.


Nobly doom'd: Imo.

No, my lord; We'll learn our freeness of a son-in-law;
I have got two worlds by'ı.—0, my genile brother, Pardon's the word to all,
Have we thus met? 0, never say hereafter,


You holp us, sir,
But I am truest speaker: you call'd me brother, As you did mean indeed to be our brother ;
When I was but your sister; I you brothers, . Joy'd are we, that you are.
When you were so indeed.

Post. Your servant, princes. Good my lord of
Did you e'er meet?

Rome, Arv. Ay, my good lord.

Call forth your soothsayer : As I slept, methought, Gui.

And at first meeting lov'd; Great Jupiter, upon his eagle back, Continued so, until we thought he died.

Appear'd to me, with other spritely shows Cor. By the queen's dram she swallow'd, Of mine own kindred: when I wak’d, I found Cym.

O, rare instinct! This label on my bosom; whose containing When shall I hear all through? This fierce' abridg- Is so from sense in hardness, that I can ment

Make no collection of it ; let him show Hath to it circumstantial branches, which

His skill in the construction. Distinction should be rich in.2_Where? how liv'd Luc.


Sooth. Here, my good lord. And when came you to serve our Roman captive? Luc.

Read, and declare the meaning. How parted with your brothers ? how first met Sooth. (Reads.) When as a lion's whelp shall, lo them?

himself unknown, without seeking find, and be emWhy fled you from the court? and whither? These, braced by a piece of tender air ; and when from a And your three motives to the battle, with stately cedar shall be lopped branches, which, being I know not how much more, should be demanded; dearl many years shall after revive, be jointed to the And all the other by-dependencies,

old stock, and freshly grow; then shaŭ Posthumus From chance to chance; but nor the time, nor end his miseries, Britain be fortunate, and flourish in place,

peace and plenty. Will serve our long intergatories. See,

Thou, Leonatus, art the lion's whelp ; Posthumus anchors upon Imogen ;

The fit and apt construction of thy name, And she, like harmless lightning, throws her eye Being Leo-natus, doth import so much On him, her brothers, me, her master; hitting The piece of tender air, thy virtuous daughter, Each object with a joy; the counterchange

(To CYMBELINE. Is severally in all. Let's quit this ground, Which we call mollie over; and mollis aer And smoke the temple with our sacrifices. We term it mulier : which mulier I divine, Thou art my brother ; So we'll hold thee ever, Is this most constant wife : who, even now,

[To BELARIUS. Answering the letter of the oracle, Imo. You are my father too; and did relieve me, Unknown to you, unsought, were clipp'd about To see this gracious season.

With this most tender air.

All o'erjoy'd

This hath some seeming.
Save these in bonds ; let them be joyful too, Sooth The lofty cedar, royal Cymbeline,
For they shall taste our comfort.

Personates thee; and thy lopp'd branches point Imo.

My good master, Thy two sons forih : who, by Belarius stolen, I will yet do you service.

For many years thought dead, are now reviv'd, Luc.

Happy be you! To the majestic cedar join'd; whose issue
Cym. The forlorn soldier, that so nobly fought, Promises Britain peace and plenty,
He would have well becom'd this place, and grac'd Cym.

The thankings of a king.

My peace we will begin :'-And, Catas Lucius, Post. I am, sir,

Although the victor, we submit to Cæsar, The soldier that did company these three

And to the Roman empire; promising, In poor beseeming : 'twas a fitment for

To pay our wonted tribute, from the which

We were dissuaded by our wicked queen; 1 Fierce is vehement, rapid.

Whom heavens, in justice (both on her and hers, , 2 i. e. which ought to be rendered distinct by an ample Have laid most heavy hand." narrative.

3*Your three motives: means the motives of you So the Queen in Hamlet says :three.' So in Romeo and Juliet, both our remedies'

Her speech is nothing, means the remedy for us both."

Yet the unshaped use of it doth move 4 Intergatories was frequently used for interrogato. The hearers to collection.' Ties, and consequently as a word of only five syllables. Whose containing means the contents of which. In The Merchant of Venice, near the end, it is also thus 7 It should apparently be, 'By peace we will begin. used:

The Soothsayer says, that the label promised to Britain * And charge us there upon intergatories.' peace and plenty. To which Cymbeline replies, .We 5 Spritely shows are groups of sprites, ghostly ap- will begin with peace, to fulfil the prophecy. pearances.

8 1. e. have laid most heavy hand on. Many such 6 A collection is a corollary, a consequence deduced elliptical passages are found in Shakspeare. Thus in from premises. So in Davies's poem on The Immor. The Rape of Lucrece :tality of the Soul :

Only he hath an eye to gaze on beauty, When she from sundry arts one skill doth draw; And dotes on whom he looks (on)gainst law and duty,"

Gath'ring from divers sights one act of war; So in The Winter's Tale : From many cases like one rule of law:

- The queen is spotless These her collections, not the senses are.'

In that which you accuse her (of).'

Sooth. The fingers of the powers above do tune

A SONG, The harmony of this peace. The vision

SUNO BY GUIDERIUS AND ARVIR AGUS OVER TIWhich I made known to Lucius, ere the stroko

of this yet scarce-cold battle, at this instant
Is full accomplish'd: For the Roman eagle,

From south to west on wing soaring alofi,
Lessen'd herself, and in the beams o'the sun To fair Fidele's grassy tomb,
So vanish'd: which foreshow'd our princely eagle, Soft maids and village hinds shall bring
'The imperial Cæsar, should again unite

Each opening sueet, of earliest bloom,
His tavour with the radiant Cymbeline,

And rifle all the breathing spring. Which shines here in the west.

No wailing ghost shall dare appear
Сут. .

Laud we the gods ; To ver with shrieks this quiet grove;
And let our crooked smokes climb to their nostrils
From our bless'd altars ! Publish we this peace

But shepherd lads assemble here,

And melting virgins own their love.
To all our subjects. Set we forward: Let
A Roman and a British ensign wave

No wither'd witch shall here be seen,
Friendly together : so through Lud's town march :

No gohlins lead their nightly crew : And in the temple of great Jupiter

The female says shall haunt the green, Our peace we'll ratify: seal it with feasts.

And dress thy grave with pearly dew. Set on there :-Never was a war did cease,

The redbreast oft at evening hours Ere bloody hands were wash'd, with such a peace. Shall kindly lend his little aid,

1 "reunt. With hoary moss, and gather'd flowers,

To deck the ground where thou art laid. THIS play has many just sentiments, some natural

When howling winds, and beating rain, dialogues, and some pleasing scenes, but they are obtained at the expense of much incongruity. To re.

In tempests shake the sylvan cell; mark the folly of the fiction, the absurility of the conduct,

Or midst the chase on every plain, the confusion of the names and manners of different The tender thought on thee shall dwell. times, and the impossibility of the events in any system

Each lonely scene shall thre restore ; of life, were to waste criticism upon unresisting imbe.

For thee the lear be duly shed; cility, upon faults too evident for detection, and 100 gross for aggravation.

JOHNSON Belov'd till life could charm no more;.

And mourn'd till pity's self be dead. * Johoson's remark on the gross incongruity of names and manners In this play is just, but it was the common tice of the unfounded severity of Johnson's animadver error of the age ; in The Wife for a Month, of Beau. sions upon this exquisite drama. The antidote will be mont and Fletcher, we have Frederick and Alphonso found in the reader's appeal to his own feelings after among a host of Greek names, not to mention the firing reiterated perasal. It is with satisfaction I refer to the of a pistol by Demetrius Poliocortes in The Humorous more just and discriminative opinion of a foreign critic, Lieutenant,-Pye.

lo whom every lover of Shakspeare is deeply indebted, It is hardly necessary to point out tho extreme injus. cited in the preliininary remarks,

S. W. S.

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PRELIMINARY REMARKS. ON what principle the editors of the first complete amined, more words would be necessary than the sub

edition of Shakspeare's works admitted this play ject is worth ; those who are well acquainted with his Into their volume, cannot now be ascertained. The works cannot entertain a doubt on the question. I will, most probable reason that can be assigned is, that he however, mention one mode by which it may be easily wrote a few lines in it, or gave some assistance to the ascertained. Let the reader only peruse a few lines of author in revising it, or in some way or other aided in Appius and Virginia, Tancred and Gismund, The Bat. bringing it forward on the stage. The tradition men- tle of Alcazar, Jeronimo, Selimus Emperor of the tioned by Ravenscroft, in the time of King James II., Turks, The Wounds of Civil War, The Wars of Cy. warrants us in making one or other of these supposj. rus, Locrine, Arden of Feversham, King Edward I., tions. I have been told (says he, in his preface to an The Spanish Tragedy, Solyman and Perseda, King alteration of this play, published in 1687,) by some Leir, the old King John, or any other of the pieces that anciently conversant with the stage, that it was not were exhibited before the time of Shakspeare, and he originally his, but brought by a private author to be will at once perceive that Titus Andronicus was coined acted, and he only gave some master touches to one or in the same mint. two of the principal parts.!

"The testimony of Meren, (who attributes it to Shak. A booke, entitled A Noble Roman Historie of Titus speare in his Palladis Tamia, or the Second Part of Andronicus,' was entered at Stationers' Hall, by John Wits Common Wealth, 1598,] remains to be considered. Danter, Feb. 6, 1593-4. This was undoubtedly the His enumerating this among Shakspeare's plays may play, as it was printed in that year (according to Lang. be accounted for in the same way in which we may ac. baine, who alone appears to have seen the first edition) count for its being printed by his fellow comedians in and acted by the servants of the Earls of Pembroke, the first folio edition of his works. Meres was, in 1598, Derby, and Sussex. It is observable that in the entry when his book first appeared, intimately connected with no author's name is mentioned, and that the play was Drayton, and probably acquainted with some of the originally performed by the same company of come dramatic poets of the time, from some or other of whom dians who exhibited the old drama, entitled 'The Con. he might have heard that Shakspeare interested him. tention of the Houses of Yorke and Lancaster, The old self about this tragedy, or had written a few lines for Taming of a Shrew, and Marlowe's King Edward II. ; the author. The internal evidence furnished by the by whom not one or Shakspeare's plays is said to have piece itself, and proving it not to have been the produc. been performed.

tion of Shakspeare, greatly outweighs any single testi. From Ben Jonson's Induction to Bartholomew Fair, mony on the other side. Meres might have been mis. 1614, we learn that Andronicus had been exhibited informed, or inconsiderately have given credit to the twenty-five or thirty years before ; that is, according to rumour of the day. In shori, the high antiquity of the the lowest computation, in 1589; or, taking a middle piece, its entry on the Stationers' books, and being period, which is perhaps more just, in 1587.

afterwards printed without the name of Shakspeare, its To enter into a long disquisition to prove this piece being performed by the servants of Lord Pembroke, not to have been written by Shakspeare would be an &c.; the stately march of the versification, the whole idle waste of time, To those who are not conversant colour of the composition, its resemblance to several of with his writings, ir particular passages were ex. our most ancient dramas, the dissimilitude of the style

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