man frailty will not allow him to grace, are the works of reason ; furmount entirely his affliction, he and that moutning, tears, despair, will at least atuage it by perfe, and groans, belong to a part of verance; a juk shame will make the soul opposite to the other ; him conceal part of his affliction, that this part is more debilitated, and being compelled to appear in daftardly, and greatly inferior in the world, he would blush to do dignity to the other. and say in the presence of man. to Now it is from this serisible kind many things which he fays weak part that the affecting and and does alone. Unable to be in variegated imitations, which we himself what he desires, he ens

see upon the ftage, are derived. deavours at least to appear to 0. The resolure, prudent, and conthers what he ought to be, The fiftent man is not so easily imitacauses of his trouble and agitati ted; and if he were, thé imitaon are grief and paflion; what fion being less variegated, it curb and contain him, are reason would not be so agreeable to the and law; and in these opposite vulgar: they would be but little emotions, his will ever declares interefted at an image which did for the latter,

not resemble their own, wherein In effe&t, reason requires us to they could discover neither their oppost adverfty patiently, that manners 'nor passions : the human its weight should not be a


heart being never ftruck with ob. rated by useless complaints; that jects that are entirely foreign to it. human things thould not be. Wherefore the judicious poet, and timated beyond their value; the painter who has discovered the hat we hould not by fears ex- art of succeeding, by endeavourault sthose powers, which should ing to 'please the people and the often it; and, in a word, that vulgar part of mankind, takes sa hould sometimes consider it is caré not to offer them the fublime mpolible for a man to foresee the image of a heart, which is ene ature, and to be sufficiently ac, tirely master of itself, which liftens painted with himself, to know only to the voice of wisdom; but hether what happens to him is a he charms 'rhe spectators by cha. Dod or an eyil. t

racters that are ever inconlittent, In this manner will a judicious who will and will not, who make udent man behave, when he the theatre echo with cries and Us a prey to il fortune. He will groans, who compel os to pity en endeavour 19 çurn his crosses them, even when they do their account as a cunning gamelter duty, and think that virtue is a deavours to benefit by a bad shocking thing, as ir renders its and that is dealt to him, and vậtaries fo miserable. By these thout lamenting like a fallen means, easy and variegated imita. Eld who weeps upon the stone tions éirable the poet io move and fell againft, he will know how Aatter till more the spectators. apply & falutary lancet to his This custom of rendering those und, and by bleeding cure it. perfons, whom we are made to e must say therefore that con- love, submit to their passions, alney, and perseverance in disa ters and changes in such a man.

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ner oor judgment upon laudable and the lawful chiefs to the rebels, things, that we habituate ourselves would be an enemy to his coun: to honour a weakness of soul with try and a traitor to the state ; yet the name of sensibility, and treat the imitative poet introduces disthose as obdurate men devoid of sensions and death into the re. fentiment, in whom rigid duty public of the soul, by raising and constantly furmounts natural affec- nourishing the vileft faculties at tions. On the contrary, we treat the expence of the noblest ; by those as amiable characters, who exerting and exhausting his pow. are lively affected at every thing, ers upon those things the leaf and are the perpetual plaything of worthy of engaging them, by conevents ; those who weep like wo: founding in vague fimilitudes the men for the loss of what was dear beautiful truth with the trappings to them; those, who, through an of falsehood which pleares the inordinate friendship, are unjust multitude, and apparent grandeur to serve their friends ; those who with that which is real. Who can are ignorant of any other rule but imagine themselves possefled of the blind disposition of their heart; sufficient virtue to withstand the those who are always praising the poet's skill, which is exerted ei. sex who conquer them, and whom iher to corrupt or discourage they imitate ; those who poffefs no 'themWhen 'Homer or some other virtues than their passions, tragic author displays to us a hero nor any other merit than their overwhelmed with affliction, weepweakness. Thus equanimity, ing, lamenting, beating his strength, conftancy, the love of breast; an Achilles, for inftance, justice, the empire of reason, in the son of a goddess, at one time sensibly become deteftable qua- ftretched upon the earth, and lities, vices which are decried; heaping the burning fand upon his men make themselves' honoured, head; at another, wandering like for what renders them worthy of madman upon the shore, and contempt; and this subversion of blending his dreadful outcries sound judgment is the inevitable with the roaring of the waves; consequence of those lessons which or a Priam, venerable for his dig. are received at the theatre. nity, for his great age, and his

It is therefore with reason that illuftrious progeny, rolling in the we blame the imitations of the mire, clotting his white hairs poet, and place them in the same with dirt, the air echoing with fank as those of the painter, as his imprecations, execrating alike well on account of their being gods and men; which among us equally diftant from truth, as be- can remain unmoved, or not feel cause they both equally flatter the a secret pleasure in the description; sensible part of the soul, and, neg- Is not the sentiment reprelented lecting the rational, pervert the as it were kindled within us? order of our faculties, and make And do we not seriously ap' us keep the best in subordination plaud the author's art, and con. to the worst. He who, in a re. lider him as a great poet, for the public, should endeavour to make expression he gives to his pictures

, the good submit to the wicked, and the affections he communi.

cates to us? Nevertheless, when a one who can refuse his own misdomestic real calamity happens to fortunes those tears, which he fo ys, we pride ourselves upon bear- bountifully led for a stranger? ing it with moderation, without As much may be said of comedy, Thedding tears: we consider the of the indecent laughter which courage which we extort from our- it forces from us, of the habit selves as a manly virtue, and we which we imbibe of turning every should think ourselves as pufilla, thing into ridicule, even the most nimous as women, to weep and serious and gravest objects; and groan like these heroes who af. of the almost unavoidable effect fected us upon the stage. Are whereby it changes into theatrical not the fe very useful Ipectacles, buffoons and jeiters the most rewhose examples we admire, and spectable citizens, Equally may yet blush to imitate ; where we we censure the love, the rage, intereft ourselves for weaknesses, and all other passions, which befrom which we guard ourselves coming daily more familiar to us with so much difficulty in our own as amusement and pastime, de, misfortunes? The most noble fa. prive us at length of all power of culty of the soul, thus lofing its refifting them when they really use and empire, habituates itself to assail us. In fine, let us consider fink beneath the law of passions: the stage and its imitations in no longer represses our tears and whatever light we may, we cong moans ; it gives us up to our stanıly find that by animating and tenderness for objects that are fo. exciting in us those dispositions reign to us; and, under pre- which we should repress, they tence of chimerical calamities, so make that govern which should far from being thocked at a vir. obey; and so far from making tuous man giving way to excel. us better or happier, they render five grief, fo far from suppresling us worse and still more unhappy, our applause at his abject beha- and make us purchase at our own viour, we even applaud ourselves expence, the attention we give to for the pity, with which he in- be pleased and flattered. {pires us: it is a pleasure we fancy Wherefore, my friend Glaucus, we have obtained without weak. when you meet with enthusiastical ness, and which we taste without admirers of Homer; when they remorse,

teil you that Homer is the insti. But in letting ourselves be thus tutor of Greece, and the master conquered by the grief of others, of all arts; that the government how Thall we relift the impulse of of states, civil discipline, the eour own; and how shall we more ducation of mankind, and all the courageously support our own æconomy of human life, are ills, ihan those of which we have taught in his writings; honour only a trifling representation their zeal; love and support What, shall our own sensibility ag them like men endowed with exlone escape us? Who is he that cellent qualities; admire with will not in adversity adopt those them the marvellous flights of this emotions, to which he so readily great genius ; grant them with yields for others ? Is there any pleasure that Homer is the most

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excellent of all poets, the model friends the privilege of defending and chief of all cragic writers. ' them, and to thew us, if they can, But let us still remember that that the art which we condemn hymns in honour of the Gods and as pernicious, is not only agreethe eulogiums of great men, are able but useful to the republic. the only kinds of poetry that and citizens. Let us liften to should be allowed in the republic;' their reasons with an impartial and that if we once allow this ear, and heartily agree that we imitative mufe, who charms and shall ourselves be great gainers, deceives us by the foftness of her if they prove that we may, with. accents, the actions of men will out any risk, yield to such soft no longer have for their object, impressions ; otherwise, my dear either law, or any of thofe things Glaucus, like a wise man truck that are estimable, but grief and with the charms of his mistress, voluptuousness; the excited paffi. finding his virtue ready to desert ons will prevail inftead of reason; him, break, though with regret, citizens will no longer remain so foft a chain, facrifice love to virtuous and just men, ever in o duty and to reason : thus freed bedience to duty and equity, but from our infancy of the feducing sensual weak men, who will con- attractions of poetry, and though fider good and evil through no perhaps too sensible of its beauother medium than their own de.' lies, we will, however, furnish fires. In a word, always re- ourselves with strength and rea. member, that in banishing from fon againft its delufive influence : our state dramatic and theatrical if we dare yield in any degree to representations, we do not pure that taste which attracts us, we fue a barbarous prejudice; but muft at leaft fear. to give way to that we give the preference to her first affe&ion: we will there. those immortal beauties which fore say-to ourfelves that there is result from the harmony of the nothing serious or useful in dra. soul, and the symmetry of the fa- matic pageantry, yet by listening culties.

sometimes to poetry, we fall Let us go ftill farther. To secure our hearts against its illo. guard against all partiality, and fions, as we will not suffer it to no way yield to that ancient dif. disturb order or liberty, either in cord which reigns between philo. the interior republic of the soul, sophers and poets, let us take or in that of human fociety. The nothing from poetry and imita.. lternative of becoming better or tion that may be any way pleaded worse, is not a trivial considerati. in their defence ; nor from our- on, for indeed it cannot be weigh. selves those innocent pleasures ed with too much deliberation. which they may afford us. Let Oh! my friends, it is; I must us so far honour truth as to re. acknowledge, a delectable thing spect even its image, and leave to yield to the charms of that be. every one at liberty to be heard, witching talent which leads to who proposes increafing his fame riches, honours, power, and glo. by her. 'In imposing silence up. ry, but power, glory, riches, and on the poets, let us allow their even pleasures, are all eclipsed


and vanish like a shadow, before By this account giants appear to juftice and virtue.

have been found in lat. 241 Touth;but upon referring to the map, the

account appears to be erroneous, The attention of the public having for cape St. Augustine, which is

been greatly excited by the dis said to be in latitude 22, appears to covery said to have been made by be in latitude 10 ; so that it is the Dolphin and others of his ma

doubtful whether the giants were jefty's ships, of a nation in South found in latitude 12, or 24t. If Amertea, of a moft extraordinary they were discovered after failing and gigantic fize; and the two degrees and an half fouth from

government not having yet thought St. Auguftine, they were found in proper 20 admit an authentic pub. 124, it after failing two degrees lication of these discoveries , we

and an half south, from that part imagine ir may not be disagreeable of the Main of Brasil, which lies 80 our readers, to lay before them in 22, they were found in 24 and what former travellers have relat.

an half, Such is the accuracy of ed of these remarkable people.

Harris, The account, however,

goes on. T HESE people are first ~ The next advance was to 49

mentioned in the account degrees and an half south latitude ; of a voyage for new discoveries, here they were shut up by hard undertaken by Magellan in the weather, and forced to take up year 1519:

The words in Har. their winter quarters for no less ris's abridgement of this account than five months. They for a are these : " When they had long time believed the country to crossed the line, and the south be uninhabited, but at length a pole appeared above the hori. favage of the neighbouring parts zon, they held on their south came up to give them a visit; he course and came upon the Main of was a brisk jolly fellow, merrily Brasil, about that part of it which, disposed, singing and dancing all lies in twenty-two degrees. They the way he came ; being got to observed it to be all one continued the haven, he stood there, and tract of land, higher from the threw duft upon his head, upon cape St. Augustine, which is in which some people went alhore to this part of the country. Having him, who also throwing duft upon made two degrees and an half more their head, he came with them to south latitude, they fell in with a the ship without fear or suspicion. country inhabited by a wild fort The head of one of Magellan's of people. They were of a pro. middle-lized men reached but to digious ftature, fierce and barba- his waist, and he was proportionrous, made a horrible roaring ably big; his body was formidably noise, more like bulls than hun painted all over, especially his man creatures, and yet with all face. A ftag's horn was drawn that mighty bulk were so nimble upon each cheek, and great red and light of food that none of the circles round his eyes; his colours Spaniards, or Portuguese, could were otherwise mostly yellow, overtake them." Wis only his hair was white. For his


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