benefit by such a man's sufferings as he was.

They went on, therefore, after this a good way further, talking of CHRISTIAN and FAITHFUL; and how HOPEFUL joined himself to CHRISTIAN, after that FAITHFUL was dead".

Now they were come up with the hill Lucre, where the silver mine was, which took DEMAS off from his pilgrimage, and into which, as some think, By-Ends fell and perished : wherefore they considered that. But when they were come to the old monument that stood over against the hill LUCRE, to wit, to the pillar of salt, that stood also within view of Sodom and its stinking lake’, they marvelled, as did CHRISTIAN before, that men of that knowledge and ripeness of wit, as they were, should be so blind as to turn aside here. Only they considered again, that nature is not affected with the harms that others have met with, especially if that thing, upon which they look, has an attracting virtue upon the foolish eye.

I saw now that they went on till they came to the river that was on this side of the DELECTABLE MOUNTAINS).-To the river where the fine trees grow on both sides; and whose leaves, if taken inwardly, are good against surfeits“, where the meadows are green all the year long, and where they might lie down safely.

this river side, in the meadows, there were cotes and folds for sheep, a house built for the nourishing and bringing up of those lambs, the babes of those women that go on pilgrimage. Also there was here


* P. i. p. 112.

3 P. d. p. 131.

3 P. i. p. 135.

4 Ps, xxiii.


one that was entrusted with them, who could have compassion, and that could gather these lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and that could gently lead those that were with young. Now to the care of this man CHRISTIANA admonished her four daughters to commit their little ones, that by these waters they might be housed, harboured, succoured, and nourished, and that none of them might be lacking in time to come. This man, if any of them go astray, or be lost, he will bring them again; he will also bind up that which was broken, and will strengthen them that are sick?. Here they will never want meat, drink, and clothing; here they will be kept from thieves and robbers; for this man will die before one of those committed to his trust shall be lost. Besides, here they shall be sure to have good nurture and admonition; and shall be taught to walk in right paths,-and that you

know is a favour of no small account. Also here, as you see, are delicate waters, pleasant meadows, dainty flowers, variety of trees, and such as bear wholesome fruit: fruit not like that which MatthIW eat of, that fell over the wall out of BEELZEBUB's garden; but fruit that procureth health where there is none, and that continueth and increaseth where it is.

So they were content to commit their little ones to him; and that which was also an encouragement to them so to do was, for that all this was to be at the charge of the King; and so was an hospital to young children and orphans.

1 Heb. v. 2. Isa. Ixiji.

Jer, xxiii. 4. Ezek. xxxiv, 11-16.



Now they went on; and when they were come to BY-PATH meadow, to the stile over which CHRISTIAN went with his fellow HOPEFUL, when they were taken by giant DESPAIR, and put into DoubtING-CASTLE; they sat down, and consulted what was best to be done; to wit, now they were so strong, and had got such a man as Mr. GREAT-HEART for their conductor, whether they had not best to make an attempt upon the giant, demolish his castle, and if there were any pilgrims in it, to set them at liberty, before they went any further'.—So one said one thing, and another said to the contrary.-One questioned if it was lawful to go upon unconsecrated ground; another said they might, provided their end was good. But Mr. GREAT-HEART said, Though that assertion offered last cannot be universally true, yet I have a commandment to resist sin, to overcome evil, to fight the good fight of faith: and, I pray, with whom should I fight this good fight, if not with giant Despair? I will therefore attempt the taking away of his life, and the demolishing of DOUBTING-CASTLE. Then said he, Who will go with me?' Then said old HONEST, "I will.' « And so we will too,' said Christiana's foursons, MATTHEW, Samuei, JAMES, and Joseph: for they were young men and strong

So they left the women on the road, and with them Mr. FEEBLE-MIND and Mr. READY-TO-HALT, with his crutches, to be their guard, until they came back; for in that place, though giant DESPAIR dwelt so near,


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they keeping in the road, “ a little child might lead " them.”

So Mr. GREAT-HEART, old Honest, and the four young men went to go up to DOUBTING-CASTLE, to look for giant DESPAIR. When they came at the castle gate, they knocked for entrance with an unusual noise. With that the old giant comes to the gate, and DIFFIDENCE his wife follows. Then said he, " Who and what is he that is so hardy, as after this

manner to molest the giant Despair?' Mr. GreatHEART replied, • It is I, GREAT-HEART, one of the • King of the celestial country's conductors of pilgrims

to their place: and I demand of thee, that thou open thy gates for my entrance; prepare thyself also 'to fight, for I am come to take away thy head, and to • demolish DOUBTING-CASTLE.'

Now giant Despair, because he was a giant, thought no man could overcome him; and again, thought he, “Since heretofore I have made a con

quest of angels,shall GREAT-HEART make me afraid !' So he harnessed himself, and went out: he had a cap of steel upon his head, a breast.plate of fire girded to him, and he came out in iron shoes with a great club in his hand. Then these six men made up to him, and beset him behind and before: also when Diffi. DENCE, the giantess, came up to help him, old Mr. HONEST cut her down at one blow. Then they fought for their lives, and giant DESPAIR was brought down to the ground, but was very loth to die: he struggled hard, and had, as they say, as many

* Isaiah, xi. 6.


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lives as a cat; but GREAT-HEART was his death;
for he left him not till he had severed his head from
his shoulders.

Then they fell to demolishing DOUBTING-CASTLE,
and that you know might with ease be done, since giant
Despair was dead. They were seven days in destroy-
ing of that: and in it, of pilgrims, they found one Mr.
DESPONDENCY, almost starved to death, and one
MUCH-AFRAID his daughter; these two they saved alive.
But it would have made you have wondered to have seen
the dead bodies that lay here and there in the castle-yard,
and how full of dead men's bones the dungeon was.

When Mr. GREAT-HEART and his companions had performed this exploit, they took Mr. DesponDENCY, and his daughter Much-AFRAID, into their protection; for they were honest people, though they were prisoners in DOUBTING-CASTLE, to that giant Despair. They therefore, I say, took with them the head of the giant, (for his body they had buried under a heap of stones;) and down to the road and to their companions they came, and showed them what they had done. Now when FEEBLE-MIND and READY-TO-HALT saw that it was the head of giant DESPAIR indeed, they were very jocund and merry. Now CHRISTIANA, if need was, could play upon the viol, and her daughter Mercy upon the lute: so since they were so merry disposed, she played them a lesson, and READY-TO-HALT would dance. So he took DESPONDENCY's daughter, named MuchAFRAID, by the hand, and to dancing they went, in the road. True, he could not dance without one


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