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and take these my daughters, said he, conduct them to the house called Beautiful, at which place they will rest next. So he took his weapons, and went before them; and the Interpreter said, God speed. Those also that belonged to the family sent them away with many a good wish. So they went on their way, and sang
This place has been our second stage
Here we have heard and seen
To others hid have been.
The chicken too, to me
Couformed to it be.
'The robin and his bait,
Me argument of weight;
To strive to be sincere :
And serve the Lord with fear. Now I saw in my dream, that those went on, and Great-heart before them; so they went and came to the place where Christian's burthen fell of his back, and tumbled into a sepulchre (P. i. p. 90). Here then they made a pause ; here also they blessed God. Now, said Christiana, it comes to my mind what was said to us at the gate, to wit, that we should have pardon by word and deed ; by word, that is, by the promise ; by deed, to wit, in the way it was obtained. What the promise is, of that I know something : but what it is to have pardon by deed,
or in the way it was obtained, Mr. Greatheart, I suppose you know ; which, if you please, let us hear your discourse thereof.
Gr.-h. Pardon* by the deed done, is par. don obtained by some one, for another that
** Parlon'—The subsequent discourse, on · Pardoa ly the deed done,' contirms the interpretation that hath been giren of the cross, and of Christian's deliverance from his burthen. The doctrine is, bowever, here stated in a manner to which some may object, and indeed it is needincly sis. ternatical and rather obscure. By the righteousness of Christ as God, his essential divine attributes of justice and bobines must be jatended : his righteousness as nmu denotes his hum20 pature as free from all the detilement of sin. The right. eousness of his person, as he bath the two natures joined in one, can only mean the perfection of his mysterious pers a in all respects; and his capacity of acting as our surely, liy doing and sufiering in our nature all that was requisite, while his disine nature stamped an infinite value on his obe lierre unto deach. The eternal Word, the only-begotten Son of God, was under no obligauion to assume our
ame our nature and when he had seen good to asume it, he was not bound to live a number of years bere on earth, obedient to the Lw, bu.ch in its ceremonial and moral requirements, amidst hardships, sufferings, and temptations of every kind; except as he had undertaken to be our surety. In this sense he himself had no need of that righteousness which he finishst for our junio tification. And assuredly he was under no obligation, as a perfectly holy man, to suffer even unto the viokat, torturing, and ignominious death upon the cross. That part at vis obedience, which consisted in enduring agony, auliinin bendy and soul, was only nee iful as he bare our sins, and are himself a sacrifice to God for us. Indeed, his righteousness is not the less his own, by being imputed to us : fwr we are cosidered as one with him by faith and thus made the righteousness of God in him, and we are justifiei in virtute of this union. He was able by his temporal suttering and death to pay our debt and ranson or in veritance, the deliv. ering us from eternal misery, which else had been inevitable, and bringing is to eternal lile, which had otherwise been jaattainable ; and the law of bure, to which as a min be bece ne sudject, required him to do this : for if we bored ou neighbour as our selves,' ne should be willing to submit to nath need thereof; not by the person pardored, but in the way, saith another, in which I have obtained it. So then (to speak to the question more at large), the pardon that you, and Mercy, and these boys have attained by another; to wit, by him that let you in at that gate : and he hath obtained in this double way; he hath performed righteousness to cover you, and spilt blood to wash you in.
Chr. But if he parts with his righteousness to us, what will he have for himself.
Gr.ch. He has more righteousness than you have need of, or than he needeth himself.
Chr. Pray make that appear.
Gr.-h. With all my heart : but first I must premise, that he, of whom we are now about to speak, is one that has not his fellow. He has two natures in one person, plain to be distinguished, impossible to be divided. Unto each of these natures a righteousness belongeth, and each righteousness is essential to that nature. So that one may as easily cause the natures to be extinct, as to separate its justice or righteousness from it. Of these righteousnesses, therefore we are not made partakers, so that they, or any of them, should be put upon us, that we might be made just, and live thereby. Besides these, there is a righteousness which this person has, as these two natures are joined in one. And this is any inferior loss, hardship, or suffering, lo rescue an enemy or stranger froin a greater and more durable inisery, which he hath no other way of escaping; or to secure to him a more valuable and permanent advantage, wliich can no otherwiso be obtained.