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of 1778. Surprises the British, and defeats them at Monmouth. Ar-

rests general Lee. Calms the irritation excited by the departure of

the French fleet from Rhode Island to Boston. Dissuades from an

invasion of Canada,

Page 71


contents of the army. General Washington prevents the adoption of

rash measures. Some new levies in Pennsylvania, mutiny, and are

quelled. Washington recommends measures for the preservation of

agricultural pursuits. Favours inland navigation. Declines offered

emoluments from it. Urges an alteration of the fundamental rules of

the society of the Cincinnati. Regrets the defects of the Federal

system, and recommends a revisal of it. Is appointed a member of

the continental convention for that purpose, which, after hesitation,

he accepts. Is chosen president thereof. Is solicited to accept the

presidency of the United States. Writes sundry letters, expressive of

the conflict in his mind, between duty and inclination. Answers ap-

plications for offices. His reluctance to enter on public life, Page 153


Washington elected president. On his way to the seat of government

at New York, receives the most Aattering marks of respect. Addresses

Congress. The situation of the United States, in their foreign and

domestic relations, at the inauguration of Washington. Fills up

public offices solely with a view to the public good. Proposes a

treaty to the Creek Indians, which is at first rejected. Colonel Wil-

let induces the heads of the nation to come to New York, to treat

there. The North Western Indians refuse a treaty : but, after defeat-

ing generals Harmar and St. Clair, they are defeated by general Wayne.

They then submit, and agree to treat. A new system is introduced

for meliorating their condition,

Page 169


General Washington attends to the foreign relations of the United

States. Negotiates with Spain. Difficulties in the way. The free

navigation of the Mississippi is granted, by a treaty made with major

Pinckney. Negotiation with Britain. Difficulties in the way, War

probable. Mr. Jay's mission. His treaty with Great Britain. Oppo-

sition thereto. Is ratified. Washington refuses papers to the House

of Representatives. British posts in the United States evacuated.

Negotiations with France. Genet's arrival. Assumes illegal powers,

in violation of the neutrality of the United States. Is flattered by the

people, but opposed by the executive. Is recalled. General Pinckney

sent as public minister, to adjust disputes with France. Is not re-

ceived. Washington declines a re-election, and addresses the people.

His last address to the national legislature. Recommends a navy, a

military academy, and other public institutions,

Page 192

Washington rejoices at the prospect of retiring. Writes to the secretary

of state, denying the authenticity of letters said to be from him to j
P. Custis and Lund Washington, in 1776. Pays respect to his suc-
cessor, Mr. John Adams. Review of Washington's administration.
He retires to Mount Vernon. Resumes agricultural pursuits. Hears
with regret the aggressions of the French republic. Corresponds on
the subject of his taking the command of an army to oppose the
French. Is appointed Lieutenant-General. His commission is sent
to him by the secretary of war. His letter to president Adams on the
receipt thereof. Directs the organization of the proposed army
Three envoys extraordinary sent to France, who adjust all disputes
with Bonaparte, after the overthrow of the Directory. General Wash-
ington dies. Is honoured by Congress, and by the citizens. His

Page 230




George Washington's birth, family, and educahon.-

His mission to the French commandant on the Ohio, in 1753.--His military operations as an officer of Vir. ginia, from 1754 to 1758, and his subsequent employments, to the commencement of the American Revolution.

The ancestors of George Washington were amongst the first settlers of the oldest British colony in America. He was the third in descent from John Washington, an English gentleman, who, about the middle of the seventeenth century, emigrated from the north of England, and settled in Westmoreland county, Virginia. In the place which he had selected for his residence, his great-grandson, the subject of the following history, was born on the 22d February, (11th 0. S.) 1732. His immediate ancestor was Augustine Washington, who died when his son George was only ten years old. The education of the young orphan, of course devolving upon his mother, she added one to the many examples of virtuous matrons, who, devoting themselves to the care of their children, have trained them up to be distinguished citizens. In one instance, her fears, combining with her affection, prevented a measure, which, if persevered in, would have given a direction to the talents and views of her son, very different from that which laid the foundation of his fame.-George Washington, when only fifteen years old, solicited and obtained an appointment as midshipman in Die English navy; but his ardent zeal to serve Great Britain,


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