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I HE

ENGLISH READER:

OR

PIECES IN PROSE AND POETRY,

SELECTED FROM

THE BEST WRITERS.

Designed to assist young Persons

TO READ WITH PROPRIETY AND EFFECT;
TO IMPROVE THEIR %A NGUAGE AND SENTIMENTS ]

And to inculcate

SOKE OE THE HOST IMPORTANT PRINCIPLES «V

PIETY AND VIRTUE.

•With a few Preliminary Ctscirations

ON THE PRINCIPLES OF GOOD READING.

By tlNDLEY MURRAY.

AtTHOR OF AN ENGLISH GRAMMAR, &C. &C

FV.OM THE TENTH ENGLISH EDITION^

BRIDGEPORT,:

PRINTED AND SOLD Er L. LOCKUTSDD.

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PREFACE.

MANY selections of excellent matter have been made for the benefit of young persons. Performances of this kind are of so great utility, that fresh productions of them, and new attempts to improve the young mind, will scarcely be deemed superfluous, if the writer make bis compilation instructive and interesting, and sufficiently distinct from others.

The present work, as the title expresses, aims at the attainment of three objects: to improve youth in the art of reading; to meliorate their language and sentiments; and to inculcate some of the most important principles of piety and virtue.

The pieces selected, not only give exercise to a great variety of emotions, and the correspondent tones and variations of voice, but contain sentences, and members of sentences, which are diversified, proportioned, and pointed with accuracy. Exercises, of this nature are, it is presumed, well calculated to teach youth to read with propriety and effect. A selection of sentences, in which variety and proportion, with exact punctuation, have been carefully observed, in all their parts as well as with respect to one an .er, will probably have a much greater effect, in- properly teaching the art of reading, than is commonly imagined. In such constructions, every thing is accommodated to .the understanding and the voice; and die common difficulties in learning to read well, are obviated. When the learner has acquired a habit of reading 6uch sentences, with justness and facility, he will readily apply that habit, and the improvements he has made, to sentences more complicated and irregular, and sf a construction entirely different. ij The language of the pieces chosen for this collection, has been . carefully regarded. Purity, propriety, perspicuity, and in many instances, elegance of diction, disticsiuii-b them. They ara extracted from the works of the most co',■; «t a:id elegant writers. From the sources whence the teutimt ■:■■. pre drawn, the reader may expect to find iiiem conne. t{-i.'.:.)«' "■ t: •: ^iffi«iently important and impressive, and divested of cv '■ !.£

that is either trite or eccentric The frequent perusal oi «.,;.-.. ■composition, naturally tends to infuse a taste for this species of excellence, and to produce a'habit of thinking, and of composing, with judgment and accuracy.*

That this collection may also serve the purpose of promoting piety and virtue, the compiler has introduced many extracts which place religion in the mo3t amiable light; and which recommend a great variety of moral duties hy the excellence of their nature, and the happy effects they produce. -These subjects are exhibited in a style and manner/which are calculated to arrest tiie attention of youth; and to make strong and durable impressions on their minds.f

'The compiler has been careful to avoid every expression and sentiment, that might gratify a corrupt mind, or, in the least degree, offend the eye or ear of innocence. This he conceives to be peculiarly inemnbent on every person who writes for the benefit of youth. "-'.. would, indeed, be a great and happy improveraeiat in education, if no writings were allowed to come under their notice, but-such as are perfectly innocent; and if, on all proper occasions, they were encouraged to pursue those which tend to inspire a tlue reverence for virtue, and an abhorrence of vice, as well as to animate them with sentiments "of piety and goodness. Such impressions deeply engraven on their minds, and connected with all their attainments, could scarcely fail of attending them through life: and of producing a solidity of principle and character, that would be able to resist the danger ttrising from future intercourse with the world.

The author has endeavoured to relieve thc-gmve and serious parts of his collection, by the occasional admission of pieces i

* The learner, in his progress through.this volume, and the Sequel to it, will meet with numerous instances of composition, in strict conformity to the rules for promoting perspicuous and elegant writing, contained in the Appendix to the author's English Grammar. By occasionally examining this conformity, he will be confirmed in the utility of tlwse rules; and be enabled to apply thtfm with ease and dexterity.

It is proper further to observe, that the Reader and the Sequel, besides teaching to read accurately, aud inculcating many important sentiments, may be considered as auxiliaries to the author's English Grammar; as practical illustrations of the principles and rules contained in that work.

t In some of the pieces, the Compiler has made a few alterations, chieflv verbal; to adapt them the better to the design of hit work.

which amuse as well as instruct. If, howerer, any of his readers should think it contains too great a proportion of the former, it may be some apology, to observe, that, in the existing publications designed for the perusal of young persons, the preponderance is greatly on the side of gay and amusing productions. Too much attention may be paid to this medinm of improvement. When the imagination, of youth especially, is much entertained, the sober dictates of the understanding are regarded with indifference; and the influence of good affections, is^ either feeble, ©r transient, A temperate use of such entertainment seems therefore requisite, to afford proper scope for the operations of the understanding and the heart.

The reader will perceive, that the Compiler has been solicit^ «us to recommend to young persons, the perusal of the sacred scriptures, by interspersing through his work, some of the most beautiful, and interesting passages of those invaluable writings. To excite an early taste and veneration for this great rule of life, is a point of so high importance, as to warrant the attempt to promote it on every proper occasion.

To improve the young mind, and to afford some assistance to tutors, in the arduous and important work of education, were the motives which led to this production. If the author should be so successful as to accomplish these ends, even in a small degree, he will think that his time and pains have been well epy yloyed, and will deem himself araply rewarded.

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