Historical and Critical Account



Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of

After the Manner of Mr. BAYLE.
Drawn from Original Writers and State Papers.

To which is added,
An APPENDIX of Original Papers,

Now first published.

Ne quid falfi dicere audeat, ne quid veri non audeat.


Printed for A. MILLAR in the Strand.




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N ROMWELL's birth and parentage. Allied to the best

u families. Trade no disgrace to a gentleman, p. 1-3.

Of the learning of Cromwell, p. 4. Vicious in youth,

p. 5. Marries p. 6. Character of Mrs. Cromwell,
p. 6-8. Reports concerning the poverty of Cromwell,
p. 9. Reflections on them, p. 10. Of the Religion of --
Cromwell, p. 11. An original letter of his to Mr.
Storie, p. 12. Of his enthusiasm, p. 13—23. Crom-

- well courteous and affable, and inclined to buffoonery, p. 24.

Though on necessary occasions he kept flate to the full,

p. 27. Of his want of eloquence, p. 34. Mr. Hume

censured, p. 35. Cromwell's speech to the Swedish

ambasador commended, p. 36. Cromwell no bigot,

p. 37. Mischief of bigottry, ibid. Cromwell the

great Patron of religious liberty, p. 38–45. Falls in

with the Puritans, p. 45. Short state of the case be-

tween them and the Prelatists, p. 46.

Character of Court-Prelates in the times of James and

Charles I. p. 47. Of the severe measures taken in the

times of the latter of these Princes, p. 50. Cromwell

with others prepare to leave the kingdom, p. 55. Are

Pop'd by a proclamation, ibid. Reflections thereon, p. 56.

Of Cromwell's opposition to the draining the Fenns,
p. 56. Of the parliament in 1641, p. 59. Juftly ce-
lebrated for their noble deed', p. 62-65. High cha-

racters of it by Mr. Sidney and Mr. Trenchard, p. 69.

· Account of the remonftrance of the state of the kingdom,

p. 70–76. The Parliament puls itself in a state of

defence-Is adhered to by Cromwell, who raises a

troop of horse, and disciplines them in a most extraordi-

nary manner. Praise of Cromwell's army by Lord

Clarendon, p. 76.-85. Of Cromwell's first actions

in the War, p. 85. Lord Holles's charge of cowardice

against him recited, p. 87. Hated and envied by very

powerful perfons. Account of a consultation to accuse bim

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1 of high treason, p. 90–93. Of the diffimulation of

Cromwell. Proofs of it. Its réconcileab eness with en-

thusiasm, aud other principles held by him. Politicians

dispense with the rules of morality. Reflections thereon,

p. 94-106. Of the self-denying ordinance - Reasons

in which it was founded Cromwell's speech in its fa-,

vour - Whitlock's against it - Reflections thereon,

p. 107–119. Cromwell by various votes exempted

from the self-denying ordinance-Mistakes of Lord

Clarendon, p. 120-126. Of the ba't'e of Naseby-

Copies of original le ters relating to it--- Fatal to Charles I.

p. 127-133. Rewards bestowed by the parliament on

Cromwell for his services - Complaints of ffices and

preferments being shared among members of Parliament-

Reflections thereon, p. 134-138.

Character of Fairfax- Ambition of Cromwell— Major

Huntington's account of his principles and practices
Vindicated by Milton, p. 139--155. The army, by
the instigation of Cromwell, grow mutinous-Refuse to
disbandCause the parliament to erase out of their jour-

nals what was displeasing to them, p. 156–166.

Cornet Joyce frizes the King at Holmby- His Majesty

refuses to return back-Relies on his supposed interest in

the army. Mistakes of Clarendon and Perincheif,

p. 167-10.

Cromwell briaks off all ihoughts of friendship with Charles

- Reasons of it- Reflections thereon, p. 171-180.

Cromwell defats the Welch and Scots who appeared in

behalf of the King - His Majesty by the army is seized at
Newport, and carried to Hurst Castle - The house of
commons purged-Petition of Colonel Pride's regiinent to

Fairfax-Spirit of the English royalists--Cromwell

thanked hy ihe parliament, p. 181-190.

The reasons alledged for purging the house of commons by

Goodwin, Milton, and others. Reflections threon.

An apology for Cromwell, p. 191--203.

Cromwell has a principal hand in the death of Charles,

Proofs of it, p. 204–207.

The execution of Charles loudly exclaimed against, and

Cromwell reproached on the account of it. Reasons given

by his advocates in defence of the deed. The 30th of


January observed by the English merchants at Dantzick,

in memorial of their deliverance from pavery, p. 208–219.

7 be parliament act with great spirit and vigour. Account

of their proceedings-Publish a declaration in vindication

of their actions-Order the great transactions of the com-

monwealth ti be published in Latin, French and English,

p. 220-223.

The war in Ireland continued by them. Cromwell ap-

pointed commander in chief in that kingdom. He takes

Drogheda and puts the garrison to the word. Reflec-

tions thereon. Ireland reduced. The gallant Spirit of

Lieutenant General Ludlow, p. 224-233.

The Scots oppose the execution of Charles. Charles II. takes
the covenant and is crowned in Scotland. The Scots
prepare to invade England. - Fairsax resigns his com-
million. Cromwell appointed general in his room. Sets
forward for Scotland-The battle of Dunbar— 7 oy of
the friends of Cromwell and the commonwealth. Charles II.

marches to Worcester—Is totally overthrownScotland

wholly subdued. Honours paid to Cromwell, p. 234


Rise and progress of the quarrel with the Dutch—The par-

liament send ambassadors to the States - Substance of their

embally-Behave with great fpirit - St. John's speech at

their departure-War commences between the two na-

tions-Declaration of the parliament hereupon-Patrio-

tism and disinterestedness of Sir Henry Vane-Parliament

concerned for the honour and interest of the nation--Their

demands from the Dutch, p. 252—271.

Vaft designs imputed to the commonwealth of England -

Courted by all nations. Obtains the highest reputation,

p. 272-277.

An act of oblivion passed by the parliament --Cromwell bu-

mane and benevolent, p. 278—280.

Of the navigation ałt. Praised by Sir Josias Child,

p. 281.

Parliament projects an union with Scotland. Cromwell

finishes it." Superiorities, lordships and jurisdi&tions abo-
lifbed. Remarks on Mr. Dalrymple's cenfure of Crom-

well, p. 284-287.

Parliament proposes the netu modelling the representation in

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