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Assassination of de Lacy 293 His Administration

300

Its Results

300

CHAPTER XXXII.

The Successes of Cathal of

Connaught, and Mac Carthy

On the Subject of Henry's

of Desmond

300

Grant of Ireland to John, and

Hamo de Valois appointed Go-

the supposed Effects of that

vernor of Ireland in place of

Measure considered

294

Earl Marshall, who resigned 301

1186. The Translation of the Re-

His forcible Invasion of the

mains of the three great

Property of the Church, not-

National Saints, Patrick,

withstanding the angry Re-

Columba, and Brigid

294

monstrances of Cuming,

1188. Deposition of O’Loghlin,

Archbishop of Dublin 301

Prince of Tyrone

295 Recall of Hamo, and appoint-

Death of Rhoderic O’Lacher-

ment of Meyler Fitz-Henry

lair, his successor

295

to the Government

301

Restoration of O'Loghin 295 Death of Roderic O'Connor 301

His Death

295

His Character

301

The Invasion of Connaught by

His efforts to revive the al-

Cornelius O'Dermot and

most extinct Learning of the

De Courcy

295

Country

301

Retreat of De Courcy from

Giolla Moduda, Author of a

Connaught, and Re-establish-

Metrical Catalogue of the

ment of O'Connor

295

Kings of Ireland

302

Murder of Rhoderic O'Connor 295 1129. Celsus, or Cellach, Archbishop

1189. Death of Henry II.

295

of Armagh, his Death 302

The kindly Feelings of Ri.

Some Remarks respecting the

chard J. towards his Bro-

Social Condition of the Irish

ther John

296

People at this Period 302

On the Question of Henry's

The Character of Giraldus as

Grant of Ireland to his Son

a Censor

302

John

296

Some of his Charges against

The Curia Regis, or Common

the Irish Clergy; his Ac-

Council, held by Henry at

count of the State of Manu-

Lismore, styled prematurely

factures and the useful Arts

a Parliament

297

among the Irish

303

At what Time Parliaments,

properly so called, began to

be held by the English in

Ireland

297

CHAPTER XXXIII.

The Subject considered 298

Views of Molyneux on the

Subject

298

John.

Hugh de Lacy, Son of the first

Lord of Meath, appointed

Condition of Ireland

304

Deputy Governor of Ireland 1198. Dissensions among the Natives 304

by King John

299

Contentions between Cathal

Dissatisfaction and retirement

and Carrach for the Princi.

to Ulster of John de Courcy

pality of Connaught

304

in consequence

299 1205. Cathal surrenders to King John

Cathal O'Connor, of the Bloody

two thirds of Connaught 304

Hand

299

Rivalry between John de

The Abbey of the Hill of Vic-

Courcy and Hugh de Lacy 305

tory founded by him

299

De Courcy sent Prisoner to

1194. Death of Donald O'Brian, King

England; his Title to the
of Thomond and Ormond 300

Earldom of Leinster trans-

Numerous religious Establish-

ferred to Hugh de Lacy 305

ments founded by him 300

1210. King John undertakes a mili.

Carbrach, Son of Donald, raised

tary Expedition against Ire-

to the Sovereignty

300

land

305

William Marshall, second earl

Exaction and Cruelty of the

of Pembroke, appointed Go-

English

305

vernor of Ireland

300 Cathal, Prince of Connaught,

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pays Homage to the English

Is joined by the Irish Forces

Crown

305

under Maurice Fitz Gerald

Flight of William de Bravia

and the prince of Connaught 312

and the De Lacys; Capture

Death of Fitz Gerald

312

of the Wife and Daughter

Henry's Disputes with Ireland 312

of the former by 'King John 305 1246. Admission of a few Natives

The De Lacys return to Ire-

only to the Participation of

land, and are reinstated in

English Law

312

their Possessions

306 Threatened Invasion of Hen-

1209. Massacre of the inhabitants of

ry's Dominions in Gascony 313

Dublin by the Septs 306 1254. Henry makes a Grant of the

Introduction of English Laws

Kingdom of Ireland to his

and Usages by King John. 306

Son Prince Henry

313

He returns to England, leaving

Reservations in that Grant 313

John de Grey to the Admi- 1255. Renewed Hostilities with

nistration of Affairs in Ire-

Wales

314 :

land

307 Prince Edward defeats the

1215. Peaceable Disposition of the

Irish Force sent to the As-

Inhabitants

307

sistance of the Welsh 314

1259. Death of O'Neill, and 350 of

bis Followers, in an En.

CHAPTER XXXIV.

counter with Sir Stephen

Longespé, Lord Justice of

Ireland

HENRY III.

314

Rising of the Mac Carthys of

1216. Accession of Henry III., and

Desmond

314

Appointment of the Earl of

Massacre of a Number of Ger-

Pembroke as protector

308)

aldines

314

Grant of the Great Charter to

Contention between the De

his English Subjects in Ire-

Burghs and Geraldines

314

land

308

The King recalls the Lord

Difference of the two Char-

Justice, appointing David

309

Barry in his stead .

ters

315

Exclusion of the Natives from

Peace restored between the

two rival Houses

315

all Share of English Laws

and Liberties

309 1267. David Barry replaced by Sir

1219. Hostilities between Hugh de

Robert de Ufford

315

Lacy and the young Earl of

1270. Adininistration of Sir James

Penibroke

309

Audley

315

1220. Surrender of their Principali

The Natives rise up in arms . 315

ties by the Irish Chiefs 309

The Prince of Connaught

1221. Henry's Breach of Faith to-

takes the Field against

wards Cathal

310

Walter de Burgh, Earl of

He bestows the Principality

Ulster

315

of Connaught on Henry de

Close of Henry's Reigu 315

Burgh

310

1223. The People of the Province, in

Defiance of the Royal Au-

CHAPTER XXXV.

thority, proceed to elect

another Chief

310

1233. Rebellion of Richard Earl of

EDWARD I.

Marshal

310

1234. Treachery practised towards

1272. The Irish petition Edward re-

bim

310

garding the Extension to

His Death

311

them of the Laws of Eng-

1240. Feidlim, Chief of Connaught,

land

316

visits England

311

Revolt of the Natives

316

Subject of his Conference with

Incursion of the Scots into Ire.

Henry

311

land

316

Henry's Disputes and War-

1267. Robert de Ufford succeeds

fare with the Welsh

312

Genevil as Lord Justice

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Battle of Glandelory and De- 1308. The King appoints him Lord.

feat of the English

317

Lieutenant of Ireland 323

1277. Treachery and Cruelty of Tho-

Rivalry between Gaveston and

mas de Clare

317

the Earl of Ulster .

323

His Wars in Thomond 317 1309. Gaveston recalled to England

1280. Edward calls upon the English

and succeeded by Sir John

Lords to consider the Peti-

Wagan

323

tion of the Irish regarding

Parliament at Kilkenny

323

the Extension of the Eng- 1311. Conflicts between Richard Earl

lish Law

318

of Ulster and the De Clares 323

The King favourable to this

English Feuds

323

Extension.

318 1312. Defeat of the Lord Justice 324

Continued Feuds between the 1309. Truce between Edward and

Geraldines and De Burghs 318

the Scots violated through

1286. Ascendancy of the latter 319

the Impatience of both Par.

v 1288. Richard Earl of Ulster, the

ties

324

Head of the De Burgh family

War between England and

invades Meath

319

Scotland

324

John Sandford, Archbishop of

Edward summons the Irish

Dublin, Chief Governor 319

Chieftains to his aid ; they

1289. The Statute entitled "An Or.

refuse to obey the Call 324

dinance for the State of

Continued Exclusion of the

Ireland ”

319

Irish from Justice .

324

1290. Contest between De Vesey

Interest felt by the Irish in the

and the Baron of offaley 319

Fortunes of Robert Bruce. 324

De Vesey retires to France, 1314. Bruce takes refuge in Ireland;

and the King bestows on

his Expedition from thence

Offaley the Lordships of

attended

by his

Irish

Kildare and Rathangan 319

Friends

324

1294. Triumph and Insolence of the

Victory of Bannockburn; its

latter in consequence

319

Effects on the Minds of the

Truce between the Geraldines

Irish

325

and de Burghs

320 Deputies sent by them to in.

1295. A parliament assembled 320

vite Bruce to Ireland

325

New Division of the Kingdom

Edward sends over John de Ho.

into Counties

320

thum to treat with the Irish

Other Acts passed by this par-

Lords

325

liament

320 Edward Bruce appears off the

1299. John Wogan joins the King in

Coast of Antrim

325

Scotland with a select force 320 1315. Is joined by the Irish

325

1298. Tranquillity in Ireland under

De Burgh summons his Vas.

the Government of Wogan 321

sals, and marches in pursuit

1303. Renewed Revolt of the Scots. 321

of the Invaders ; joined by

The Irish Forces again sum-

Feidlin Prince of Connaught 326

moned to attend the King · 321 Bruce crowned King of Ireland 326

Savage Murders committed

Defeat of De Burgh

326

by the English and Irish 321 Feidlim O'Connor joins the

Regulation of the Coinage of

Scots

326

Ireland .

322 Battle between the O'Connor's 326

Continued Success of Bruce. 327

1316. Policy of the English Govern.

CHAPTER XXXVI.

ment towards Ireland 327

Feidlim O'Connor takes the

Field

328

EDWARD II.

Battle of Athenry; Defeat of

the Irish; and Death of Feid-

1307. The King recalls Gaveston 322

lim.

328

Espouses Isabella, Daughter of

Robert Bruce joins his brother

Philip the Fair, and appoints

in Ireland

328

Gaveston Regent

322 Supposed Treachery of the De

Discontent of the Barons and

Lacys

328

Expulsion of Gaveston 322 Success of the English Arms: 328

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Bruce, with a large Force, ad-

Defeat of the English Troops 338

vances towards Dublin 329 1830. The Lord Justice summons to

Arrest of the Earl of Ulster 329

his aid the Earl of Des-

Intrepidity of the Citizens of

mond

338

Dublin

329

Desmond takes the Field

Bruce retires into Kilkenny;

against the Insurgents 338

Sufferings of his Army 329 Continued Insurrection

339

Inactivity of the English 330 Parliament at Kilkenny 339

1317. Parliaments held at Kilkenny 1331. The King appointed the Earl

and Dublin

330

of Ulster Lord-Lieutenant 339

Retreat of Bruce into Ulster 330 Sir Anthony Lacy sent over

Returns to his own Dominions 339

as Lord Justice

339

Arrival of the new Lord Jus-

Stevere Measures of the New

tice, Sir Roger Mortimer,

Lord Justice

339

afterwards Earl of March 330 Arrest of Lord Henry Mande-

Liberation of the Earl of

ville and the Earl of Des-

Ulster

330

mond

340

Petition of the Irish respecting 1332. Arrest and Execution of Lord

the holding of Parliaments 331

William Bermingham

340

Disaffection among the Cler- 1331, The King an nounces his

gy

331 1332. Intention of visiting Ireland,

Sentence of outlawry passed

his real Purpose, however,

against the de Lacys 321

being an Expedition to Scot.

Famine in Ireland

331

land

340

1318. Edward Bruce again takes the 1833. Murder of William De Burgh,

Field

332

the third Earl of Ulster 341

Death of Bruce and Defeat of

1336. Release of the Earl of Des-

his Army

332

mond

341

Disaffection of the clergy; the

Victory gained by the English

Pope addresses a Letter to

over the natives in Con-

them

333

naught

342

O'Neill, Prince of Tyrone, 1339. The Earl of Desmond attacks

memorable

Remon-

and defeats the Insurgents

strance to the Pope

323

of Kerry

342

State of the country from Ci-

The Earl of Kildare attacks

vil Wars

333

the Insurgents of Leinster 342

State of the Irish Church

333 Roger Outlaw holds the Office

Iniquity of the Laws governing

of Chief Governor for the

Ireland

334

fourth Time, and dies the

Extinction of the Order of

following Year

342

Knights Templars

335 1341. Arrival of the new Lord

Justice, Sir John Darcy

342

Arbitrary Measures of the

CHAPTER XXXVII.

English Government 342

1342. A Parliament summoned to

EDWARD III.

meet at Dublin

343

The Earl of Desmond and his

1327. State of Ireland on the Ac-

party refuse to attend it 343

cession of Edward III. 336

Convention at Kilkenny, and

Civil Dissensions among the

Petition to the King

343

English Families

337 1343. Sir Ralph appointed Lord Jus. : :!

Irruption and Defeat of Mac

tice; rigorous Measures

Murough

337

adopted by him towards Des-

1328. Roger Outlaw, Prior of Kil.

mond

mainham, appointed Lord

Arrest of the Earl of Kildare

345

Justice

337| 1346. Death of Ufford

345

The Natives again petition for

1344. Renewal of Hostilities with

English Law

338

France

345

1329. Insurrections in the South of

Tranquil State of Ireland

345

Ireland

338 Desmond appointed to the Go.

Massacre of English by En.

vernment of Ireland

346

glish at Orgiel

338 1355. His Death

346

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Is succeeded by Sir Thomas

sively, Marquess of Ireland

Rokeby

346

and Duke of Dublin

354

Law Reforms

346 Is invested by the King with

Administration of the Earl of

the Sovereignty of Ireland 354

Ormond

346

His Death at Louvain . 354

1361. The King sends his Son, Lio- 1389. The great Northern Chieftain,

nel Duke of Clarence, as

O'Neill, sends in his Sub-

Deputy to Ireland .

346

mission to the Government 354

Measures for the defence of 1393. The King resolves to conduct

Ireland

346

an Expedition into Ireland. 354

The Duke marches against the 1394. Lands with his Army at Wa.

Insurgents of Munster 347

terford

355

1364. He returns to England

347 Panic of the Natives :

355

1367. Is twice again appointed to the

Submission of O'Neill and

Office

347

other Chiefs

355

Parliament at Kilkenny 347 The King entertains them in

The Statute of Kilkenny

347

Dublin

356

The Duke of Clarence returns 1394, Richard's projected Reforms 357

ta England

347 1395. Urgent Reasons for his Return

Is succeeded by the Earl of

to England

357

Desmond

348 He leaves the Earl of March as

1369. Sir William de Windsor ap-

his Lieutenant

357

pointed to the Government 348 Revolt of the Native Chieftains 358

Disturbances in Leinster and

Death of the Earl of March in

Limerick

348

a Conflict with the Natives 358

Arbitrary Conduct of the new 1398. The Duke of Surrey sent over

Governor

348

as Lord-Lieutenant

358

Order issued to Absentees 349

The King resolves on another

1376. James, second Earl of Ormond

Expedition to Ireland, and

appointed Lord Justice 349

appoints the Duke of York

Struggles between the Civil

Regent in his Absence 358

and Ecclesiastical Judica.

He marches against Mac Mo-

tures

349

rough

359

Foundation of Dublin Univer.

Difficulties of the Royal Army 359

sity

350

Returns towards Dublin 360

Meeting between the Earl of

Gloucester and Mac Mo.

CHAPTER XXXVIII.

rough who refuses to submit 360

The King receives Intelli-

RICHARD II.

gence of the landing of Hen-

ry of Bolingbroke Duke of

Lancaster

361

1377. A Council of Regency chosen

He embarks for Milford Haven 361

during the young King's

Minority

352

1379. Ordinance against Absentee-

ism

CHAPTER XXXIX.

352

1380. Edmund Mortimer 'Earl of

March, Son of the Duke of

HENRY IV.

Clarence, sent to Ireland as

Lord-Lieutenant

353

Struggle between the Houses

1381. His Death; is succeeded by

of York and Lancaster 362

John Colton, and afterwards

Invasion of Scotland by Henry 362

by Roger Earl of March, Son

1400. Ireland attacked by the Scots 362

of the former Lord-Lieute-

1401. The King appoints his Son

nant

Lord-Lieutenant

353

362

1383. The Desire of the Regency to

1402. The Mayor of Dublin marches

reform the Affairs of Ireland

against and defeats the In-

frustrated by the new Lord

surgents of Wicklow

363

Justice, Philip de Courtenay 354

Murder of the Sheriff of Louth 363

1385. The King's Favourite, Robert

The Right of the Sword con-

de Vere, created, succes.

ferred on the Corporation of

Dublin

363

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