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44. Tho Cossacks, ......

45. The admirable discipline and equipment of the army, .

46. Russian navy, ......

47. Revenue of Russia, .....

48. Positions of the principal armies,

49. General corruption in Russia, ....

50. Enormous abuses which prevail,

51. Striking instances of this corruption,

52. Emigration in Russia is all internal,

£3. Great impulse to agricultural industry in Russia from free trac

54. What is the destiny of Russia! ....

55. Two different people in Russia, ....

56. Liberal ideas with which the troops returned from France anc

57. First steps of Alexander on his return to Russia iu 1814,

58. His beneficent measures, . . . .

59. Marriage of Alexander's sister to the Prince of Orange, and c

duke Nicholas to the Princess of Prussia,

60. Incessant travels of Alexander from 1815 to 1825,

61. Various beneficent measures introduced by him,

62. His arrival at Warsaw in 1818, ....

63. Alexander's memorable speech to the Diet,

64. Journey of Alexander to his southern provinces,

65. His efforts for the enfranchisement of the peasants,

66. Transactions of 1819, .....

67. Expulsion of the Jesuits, ....

68. Great changes in the emperor's mind from the revolution of 1

69. Violent scene, and dissolution of the Polish Diet,

70. Congress of Troppau, .....

71. Congress of Troppau: its resolutions, .

72. Congress of Laybach, .....

73. Reflections on the division among the allied powers, .

74. Limits of the right of intervention,

75. What share had the Holy Alliance in this?

76. Attitude taken by England on the occasion,

77. War declared against the revolution in Naples,

78. Unresisted march of the Austriaus towards Naples,

79. Subjugation of Naples, and return of the king, .

80. Movement of the insurgents in ricdmont,

81. Meeting of the Allies, and fresh revolution in Genoa, .

82. Increasing difficulties of tho insurgents,

83. Total defeat of the insurgents at Agogna,

84. Submission of tho capital, and termination of the war,

85. Violent reaction in Italy,

86. Reaction in Piedmont, and treaty with Austria,

87. Revolt in a regiment of guards at St Petersburg,

88. Alexander refuses to support tho Greeks,

89. Extension of the Russian empire in North America,

90. Suppression of freemasons' and other secret societies, .

01. General failure of the emperor's philanthropic projects,

02. Dreadful flood at St Petersburg,

93-94. Description of the situation of St Petersburg,

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95. Great inundation of St Petersburg, ..... 206

96. Noble charity of the emperor and nobles, .... 207

97. Internal measures of 1824, and settlement of the boundaries of Russian

America, ....... 208

98. The Empress of Russia: her birth, parentage, marriage, and character, 209

99. Amours of the Czar, ....... 210

100. Death of Alexander's natural daughter, . . . .211

101. Reconciliation of the emperor and empress, .... 212

102. Solemn service in the cathedral of Notre Dame de Kazan, . . 213

103. His departure from the cathedral, . . . . . 21 4

104. His arrival at Taganrog, . . . . . .215

105. His last illness, ....... 216

106. And death, ........ 217

107. And funeral, ........ 218

108. Death and burial of the empress, . . . . . 219

109. His character, .... . 220

110. His failings, ........ 221

111. State of the succession to the throne, .... it.

112. Constantino refuses the throne, ..... 222

113. How this came about, ...... 223

114. Constantine's previous renunciation of his right of succession, . 224

115. Nicholas refuses the crown, and proclaims Constantine, . . 225

116. Contest of generosity between the two brothers, and Nicholas mounts

the throne, - . . . . . .226

117. Account of the conspiracy against him, .... 227

118. Details on the conspiracy, ...... 228

119. Information given of the conspiracy to Alexander, . . . 229

120-121. Plans of the conspirators, ..... 230-231

122. A revolt is decided on by the conspirators, .... 231

123. Commencement of it, . . . . . . . 232

124. Heroic conduct of Nicholas on the occasion, .... 234

125. Nicholas advances against the rebels, .... 236

126. Forces on both sides, and irresolution of the chiefs of the revolt, . ib.

127. Death of Milarodowitch, ...... 237

128. The Archbishop also fails in reducing the mutineers, . . 238

129. The emperor gains the victory, ..... 239

130. Seizure of the leaders of the conspiracy, and generous conduct of Nicholas

to the privates, ....... 240

131. Appointment of a commission of inquiry, .... 241

132. Its composition and report, ...... 242

133. Leaders of the revolt in the army of the south, . . . 243

134. And in that of the west, ...... 244

135. Arrest of the Mouraviems, and outhreak of the conspiracy in the army of

Poland, ........ 245

136. Its suppression, ....... t'6.

137. Sentences on the conspirators, ..... 246

138. Their conduct on the eve of death, ..... 247

139. Their execution, ....... 248

140. Reflections on this event, ...... 249

141. Noble conduct of the Princess Troubetzkoi and the other wives of the

convicts, ....... 250

1. Great evils of France at the close of 1816, . . . .263

2. Rapid flow of prosperity which succeeded them in the next year, . 264

3. Brilliant appearance of Paris, . . . 265

4. Exports, imports, and revenue of France during this period, . . ib.

5. Thorough establishment of representative institutions in Fiance, . 266

6. Which have no effect in conciliating the Liberal party, . . 267

7. Popular acts of the new ministry, ..... i6.

8. Return of Maret and many other of the proscribed to Franco, . 269

9. Increasing strength of the Liberals, and resistance to the Government, 270

10. Law regarding the press, ...... ib.

11. Debate on the return of the proscribed persons, . . . 271

12. Speech of M. de Serres on the subject, ..... 272

13. Immense sensation produced by this debate, . . . . 273

14. Increasing violence and exasperation of the press, . . 274

15. Budget of 1819, 275

16. Preparations for the election of 1819, ..... i5.

17. Their result: election of the Abba Grégoire, . - . . 276

18. Biography of the Abba Gragoire, ..... 277

19. General Foy: his biography, ...... 278

20. M. de Serres, ........ 279

21. His character, ........ ib.

22. Conversation of Louis XV11I. and the Count d'Artoia on the election, 281

23. Change in the ministry, ...... 282

24. Violent attacks on the new ministry by the press, . . . 283

25. King's speech at opening the session, ..... 284

26. Comparative strength of parties in the Chamber, . . . 285

27. Designs of the Liberals in Paris, .... ib.

2s. New electoral law proposod by the Government, . . . 286

29. Electoral law finally agreed on by the Government, . . . 287

30. Violent opposition of the Liberals, ..... 288
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31. The Duke de Bern, ....... 289

32. His biography, . . . . . . . . 290

33. Louvel, his assassin, . . . . ." 291

34. Assassination of the Duke de Berri, ..... 292

35-36. His last moments, ....... 293-294

37. His death, ........ 296

38. Immense sensation which it produced, .... 296

39. Chateaubriand's words on the occasion, .... 297

40. General indignation against M. Decazes, . . . 298

41. The king resolves to support him, ..... 299

42. He at length agrees to his dismissal, ..... 300

43. Resignation of M. Decazes, and the Duke de Richelieu sent for, . 301

44. The king's inclination for Platonic attachments, . . . 302

45. The Countess Du Cayla, . . ... . .303

46. Her first interview with Louis, which proves successful, . . ib.

47. Character of M. Decazes, ...... 305

48. Merits of his measures as a statesman, .... t'J.

49. Division of parties in the Assembly after M. Decazes' fall, . . 306

50. Funeral of the Duke de Berri, and execution of Louvel, . . 307

51-52. Ministerial measures of the session. Argument against the first, 308-309

53. Answer by the Government, ...... 309

54-55. Censorship of the press. Argument against it by the Opposition, 311

56-57. Answer by the Ministerialists, ..... 312-313

58. Result of the debate, . . . . . . .314

59. Reflections on this subject, . . . . . .315

60. Alarming state of the country, and defensive measures of Governmeut, 316

61. Denunciation of the secret government, .... 317

62. Ministerial project of a new electoral law, . . . . 318

63-66. Argument against it by the Opposition, .... 3)9-321

67-71. Answer by the Ministerialists, ..... 321-324

72. Camille-Jourdan's amendment carried, .... 325

73. The amendment of M. Boin is carried by Government, . 326

74. Disturbances in Paris, ....... 327

75. Which become serious, ....... ib.

76. Loud declamation on the subject in the Chamber of Deputies, . 328

77. Their suppression, ....... 329

78. The budget, ........ 830

79. Military conspiracy, headed by Lafayette, .... 331

80. Their designs, and efforts to corrupt the troops, . . . 333

81. Which fails by accident, ...... 334

82. Lenity shown in the prosecutions, ..... t6.

83. Birth of the Duke of Bordeaux, ..... 335

84. Universal transports in France, ..... 336

85. Congratulations from the European powers, and promotions in Franco, 338

86. Rupture with the Doctrinaires, ...... 339

87. Viows of the Doctrinaires, ...... 340

88. Views of the Royalists, . . . . ib.

89. Disturbances in the provinces. Internal measures of the Government, 342

90. Changes in the household, . . . . .343

91. New organisation of the army, . . . . t'6.

92. Ordonnance regarding public instruction, .... 345

Pago

93. The king's circular to the electors, ..... 345

94. Result of the elections favourable to the Royalists, . . . 347

95. Effect of the change in the Assembly, . . . . .348

96. Accession of Villéle, &o. to the ministry, .... 349

97. Speech of the king, and answer of the Chambers, . . . 350

98. Measures of the session, fixing the boundaries of the electoral districts, 351

99. Law for additional ecclesiastical endowments, .... 352

100. Modifications in the corn-laws, ...... t'6.

101. Law for the indemnity of the Imperial donataries, . . . 353

102. Law regarding the censorship of the press, .... 354

103. Speech of M. Pasquier on the occasion, .... 355

104. Increasing irritation of parties, and difficulties of the ministry, . 356

105. Rupture with the Royalists, and fall of the Richelieu ministry, . 358

106. The new ministry, ....... 359

107. Reflections on this event, ...... 360

108. Great effects of the change in the electoral law, . . 361

109. Defects of the representative system in France, . . . 362

110. Undue ascendancy of the Parti-Pretrc, ..... i6

111. Cause of the reaction against Liberal institutions, . . .363

112. Death of Napoleon, ....... 364

113. Reflections on his captivity, ...... 365

114. Great exaggeration regarding the English treatment of him, . 366

115. Lamartine's account of his exile, ..... 368

116. Irritation between him and Sir Hudson Lowe, .... 369

117. All parties were wrong regarding his treatment at St Helena, . . 370

118. Change on Napoleon before his death, ..... 371

119. His death, ........ 372

120. His funeral, ........ 373

121. Immense sensation it excited in Europe, .... 374

122. He was the last of the men who rule their age,.... 375

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